Steven B Leichtweis

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The effect of endurance training on glutathione (GSH) status and antioxidant enzyme system was investigated in skeletal muscle, heart, and liver of female Sprague-Dawley rats pair fed an isocaloric diet. Ten weeks of treadmill training (25 m/min, 10% grade for 2 h/day, 5 days/wk) increased citrate synthase activity in the deep vastus lateralis (DVL) and(More)
Strenuous exercise is characterized by an increased oxygen consumption and disturbance of intracellular prooxidant-antioxidant homeostasis. At least three biochemical pathways, that is, mitochondrial electron transport chain, xanthine oxidase, and polymorphoneutrophil have been identified as potential sources of intracellular free radical generation during(More)
The current study tested the hypothesis that ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) can cause more severe myocardial dysfunction and oxidative damage in senescent rats than young adult rats. Male Fischer 344 rats at the age of 6 (adult) and 24 (old) months were subjected to an open-chest heart surgery and randomly assigned to one of the following treatments: ischemia(More)
Intimal oxidation of LDL is considered an important early event in atherogenesis, and certain antioxidants are antiatherogenic. Dietary coenrichment with vitamin E (VitE) plus ubiquinone-10 (CoQ(10), which is reduced during intestinal uptake to the antioxidant ubiquinol-10, CoQ(10)H(2)) protects, whereas enrichment with VitE alone can increase oxidizability(More)
BACKGROUND Probucol remains the only conventional drug that reduces restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Apart from its weak cholesterol-lowering effect, probucol has antioxidant properties, but it remains unclear how this drug inhibits restenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Aortic balloon-injured New Zealand White rabbits were fed 2% (wt/wt)(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate processes by which the antioxidant probucol increases lesion size at the aortic sinus and decreases atherosclerosis at more distal sites in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Male apoE(-/-) mice were fed high-fat chow with 1% (w/w) probucol or without (controls) for 6 months, before aortic sinus, arch,(More)
Hypoxia increases and hyperoxia decreases experimental atherosclerosis, but it is unclear if repetitive hypoxic and hyperoxic insults affect intimal thickening after arterial injury. Rabbits on 2% cholesterol diet for 6 weeks underwent balloon injury to the abdominal aorta (AA) after week 3, and were then exposed to normoxia (n = 6), or 12 h daily of(More)
The effect of rigorous swim training (6 h day-1, 5 days week-1 for an average of 191 h) on mitochondrial respiratory function was investigated in rat heart subjected to in vivo ischaemia reperfusion (I-R). Mitochondria was isolated from the risk region of the left ventricle subjected to 60 min occlusion of the main left coronary artery followed by 30 min(More)
The efficacy of glutathione (GSH) in protecting ischaemia-reperfusion (I-R) induced cardiac dysfunction and myocardial oxidative stress was studied in open-chest, stunned rat heart model. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three experimental groups: (1) GSH-depletion, by injection of buthionine sulphoxamine (BSO, 4 mmol kg(-1), i.p.) 24 h(More)