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Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a principal mediator of inflammation in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) and selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors reduce PGE2 production to diminish the inflammation seen in these diseases, but have toxicities that may include both(More)
The growth factor progranulin (PGRN) has been implicated in embryonic development, tissue repair, tumorigenesis, and inflammation, but its receptors remain unidentified. We report that PGRN bound directly to tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFRs) and disturbed the TNFα-TNFR interaction. PGRN-deficient mice were susceptible to collagen-induced arthritis,(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent systemic autoimmune disease, caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Animal models suggest a role for intestinal bacteria in supporting the systemic immune response required for joint inflammation. Here we performed 16S sequencing on 114 stool samples from rheumatoid arthritis patients and(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) biomarkers are needed by researchers and clinicians to assist in disease diagnosis and assessment of disease severity, risk of onset, and progression. As effective agents for OA are developed and tested in clinical studies, biomarkers that reliably mirror or predict the progression or amelioration of OA will also be needed. (More)
Nitric oxide synthesized by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been implicated as a mediator of inflammation in rheumatic and autoimmune diseases. We report that exposure of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated murine macrophages to therapeutic concentrations of aspirin (IC50 = 3 mM) and hydrocortisone (IC50 = 5 microM) inhibited the expression of iNOS and(More)
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) plays a central role in the pathophysiology of cartilage damage and degradation in arthritis. In noninflammatory arthropathies such as osteoarthritis (OA), the synovial-derived IL-1 beta has been implicated in the disease process. In this study, we report that human OA-affected cartilage demonstrates upregulated IL-1 beta mRNA(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX), the key enzyme required for the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins was first identified over 20 years ago. Drugs, like aspirin, that inhibit cyclooxygenase activity have been available to the public for about 100 years. In the past decade, however, more progress has been made in understanding the role of cyclooxygenase(More)
OBJECTIVE Nitric oxide, a potent vasodilator released by endothelial cells, inhibits platelet aggregation and adhesion to vascular endothelial surfaces. Because endothelial cell damage is considered pivotal in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, this study was initiated to determine whether nitric oxide production is decreased in patients with preeclampsia.(More)
Tetracyclines have recently been shown to have "chondroprotective" effects in inflammatory arthritides in animal models. Since nitric oxide (NO) is spontaneously released from human cartilage affected by osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis in quantities sufficient to cause cartilage damage, we evaluated the effect of tetracyclines on the expression(More)