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The growth factor progranulin (PGRN) has been implicated in embryonic development, tissue repair, tumorigenesis, and inflammation, but its receptors remain unidentified. We report that PGRN bound directly to tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFRs) and disturbed the TNFα-TNFR interaction. PGRN-deficient mice were susceptible to collagen-induced arthritis,(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent systemic autoimmune disease, caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Animal models suggest a role for intestinal bacteria in supporting the systemic immune response required for joint inflammation. Here we performed 16S sequencing on 114 stool samples from rheumatoid arthritis patients and(More)
T cell receptor (TCR) dependent regulatory T cell (Treg) activity controls effector T cell (Teff) function and is inhibited by the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Protein kinase C-θ (PKC-θ) recruitment to the immunological synapse is required for full Teff activation. In contrast, PKC-θ was sequestered away from the Treg immunological(More)
In these studies we provide conclusive evidence that (beta/gamma) actin present in human neutrophils is a substrate for nitric oxide (NO)-dependent ADP ribosylation and that this modification is associated with the inhibition of actin polymerization. A 43-kDa substrate for NO-dependent ADP ribosylation was identified as actin by four methods: (1)(More)
BACKGROUND The vascular and gastrointestinal effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including selective COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs) and traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (tNSAIDs), are not well characterised, particularly in patients at increased risk of vascular disease. We aimed to provide such information through(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease involving chondrocytes, cartilage and other joint tissues, and has a number of underlying causes, including both biochemical and mechanical factors. Although proinflammatory factors including nitric oxide (NO) are associated with OA, there is recent evidence suggesting that NO and its redox derivatives may also(More)
Osteoarthritis is often a progressive and disabling disease, which occurs in the setting of a variety of risk factors--such as advancing age, obesity, and trauma--that conspire to incite a cascade of pathophysiologic events within joint tissues. An important emerging theme in osteoarthritis is a broadening of focus from a disease of cartilage to one of the(More)
T cell receptor (TCR)-dependent regulatory T cell (Treg) activity controls effector T cell (Teff) function and is inhibited by the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Protein kinase C-theta (PKC-theta) recruitment to the immunological synapse is required for full Teff activation. In contrast, PKC-theta was sequestered away from(More)
Destruction of articular joints occurs progressively in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although the exact aetiology of RA has not been fully elucidated, a large body of evidence supports a role for interleukin-1 (IL-1) in cartilage and bone erosion. In vitro studies suggest that IL-1 can cause cartilage destruction by stimulating the release of(More)
Classically, osteoarthritis (OA) has been considered a noninflammatory disease. However, the detection of selected inflammatory mediators in osteoarthritic fluid, in the absence of significant inflammatory cell infiltrate, is increasingly appreciated. We sought to identify the inflammatory component in human OA-affected cartilage that may be involved in(More)