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OBJECTIVES Prominent growth failure typifies Rett syndrome (RTT). Our aims were to 1) develop RTT growth charts for clinical and research settings, 2) compare growth in children with RTT with that of unaffected children, and 3) compare growth patterns among RTT genotypes and phenotypes. METHODS A cohort of the RTT Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network(More)
BACKGROUND Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disorder primarily seen in females, most with a mutation in MECP2. Epilepsy has been reported in 50%-80%. Previous reports were based on small sample sizes or parent-completed questionnaires, or failed to consider the impact of specific MECP2 mutations. METHODS The Rare Disease Consortium Research(More)
Of the chronic mental disabilities of childhood, autism is causally least well understood. The former view that autism was rooted in exposure to humorless and perfectionistic parenting has given way to the notion that genetic influences are dominant underlying factors. Still, identification of specific heritable factors has been slow with causes identified(More)
BACKGROUND Microdeletions within chromosome 15q13.3 are associated both with a recently recognised syndrome of mental retardation, seizures, and dysmorphic features, and with schizophrenia. METHODS AND RESULTS Based on routine diagnostic testing of approximately 8200 samples using array comparative genomic hybridisation, we identified 20 individuals (14(More)
PURPOSE Diagnosis of Rett syndrome (RTT) is often delayed. We sought to determine the type of physician who typically makes the RTT diagnosis and to identify risk factors for delayed diagnosis. METHODS A total of 1085 participants from the multicenter longitudinal RTT natural history study with classic and atypical RTT were recruited between 2006 and(More)
Early development appears normal in Rett syndrome (OMIM #312750) and may be more apparent than real. A major purpose of the Rett Syndrome (RTT) Natural History Study (NHS) was to examine achievement of developmental skills or abilities in classic and atypical RTT and assess phenotype-genotype relations in classic RTT. Developmental skills in four realms,(More)
BACKGROUND Rett syndrome (RTT), a neurodevelopmental disorder that primarily affects girls, is characterised by a period of apparently normal development until 6-18 months of age when motor and communication abilities regress. More than 95% of individuals with RTT have mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2), whose protein product modulates gene(More)
PURPOSE Survival in Rett syndrome remains unclear. Although early estimates were grim, more recent data suggest that survival into adulthood is typical. We aimed to define survival in Rett syndrome more clearly and identify risk factors for early death. METHODS Participants with clinical Rett Syndrome or methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 mutations without(More)
OBJECTIVE The clinical features and genetics of Rett syndrome (RTT) have been well studied, but examination of quality of life (QOL) is limited. This study describes the impact of clinical severity on QOL among female children and adolescents with classic RTT. METHODS Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were conducted on data collected from an(More)
To understand scoliosis, related comorbidities, and phenotype-genotype correlations in individuals with Rett syndrome (RTT), the Rare Disease Clinical Research Network database for RTT was probed. Clinical evaluations included a detailed history and physical examination, comprehensive anthropometric measurements, and two quantitative measures of clinical(More)