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We investigated whether ancestral liver damage leads to heritable reprogramming of hepatic wound healing in male rats. We found that a history of liver damage corresponds with transmission of an epigenetic suppressive adaptation of the fibrogenic component of wound healing to the male F1 and F2 generations. Underlying this adaptation was less generation of(More)
BACKGROUND Since its introduction, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has been extensively used for treatment of portal hypertension. We report a decade of experience with particular emphasis on characterizing post-TIPS hepatic encephalopathy (HE). AIM To determine the frequency of clinically evident or minimal HE post-TIPS, identify(More)
Adult stem cell plasticity raised expectations regarding novel cellular therapies of regenerative medicine after findings of unexpected plasticity were reported. In this review, reports of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) contributing to hepatocytic lineages are critically discussed with reference to rodent and human models. In particular, the role of liver(More)
BACKGROUND Alcoholic hepatitis is the most florid presentation of alcohol-related liver disease. In its severe form, defined by a Maddrey's discriminant function (DF) ≥32, the 28-day mortality rate is approximately 35%. A number of potential treatments have been subjected to clinical trials, of which two, corticosteroids and pentoxifylline, may have(More)
Chronic liver injury can lead to the development of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis but only in a minority of patients. Currently, it is not clear which factors determine progression to fibrosis. We investigated whether DNA\methylation profile as determined by pyrosequencing can distinguish patients with mild from those with advanced/severe fibrosis in(More)
OBJECTIVE Liver biopsy is currently the most reliable way of evaluating liver fibrosis in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Its inherent risks limit its widespread use. Differential liver DNA methylation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) gene promoter has recently been shown to stratify patients in terms of(More)
Marine sediments account for up to 66% of the loss of nitrogen load to coastal areas. Sedimentary denitrification is the main sink for fixed nitrogen in the global nitrogen budget, and thus it is important to understand the structure and composition of denitrifying communities. To understand the structure and composition of denitrifying communities, the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Neutrophils are important immune effectors required for sterile and non-sterile inflammatory responses. However, neutrophils are associated with pathology in drug-induced liver injury, acute alcoholic liver disease, and ischemia-reperfusion injury. An understanding of the complex mechanisms that control neutrophil recruitment to the(More)
OBJECTIVE Current efforts to improve the outcome from colorectal cancer aim to shorten the delay between referral and diagnosis. Investigation of iron-deficiency anaemia has a high yield for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal malignancy and its presence is included in current referral guidelines. We explored the relationship between anaemia and colorectal(More)