Steven A. Luperchio

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Here we review the history, clinical significance, pathology and molecular pathogenesis of Citrobacter rodentium, the causative agent of transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia. C. rodentium serves as an important model pathogen for investigating the mechanisms controlling attaching and effacing pathology, epithelial hyperproliferation, and tumor promotion(More)
Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) has emerged as an important agent of diarrhoeal disease. Attachment to host cells, an essential step during intestinal colonization by EHEC, is associated with the formation of a highly organized cytoskeletal structure containing filamentous actin, termed an attaching and effacing (A/E) lesion, directly beneath(More)
Citrobacter rodentium (formerly Citrobacter freundii biotype 4280 and Citrobacter genomospecies 9) was described on the basis of biochemical characterization and DNA-DNA hybridization data and is the only Citrobacter species known to possess virulence factors homologous to those of the human pathogens enteropathogenic Escherichia coli and enterohemorrhagic(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to compare daptomycin with ceftriaxone for the treatment of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS Two phase-3 randomized, double-blind trials that enrolled adult patients hospitalized with CAP were conducted. Patients received intravenous daptomycin (4 mg/kg) or ceftriaxone (2 g) once daily for 5-14 days. Aztreonam(More)
We investigated associations between the genotypic and phenotypic features of Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream isolates and the clinical characteristics of bacteremic patients enrolled in a phase III trial of S. aureus bacteremia and endocarditis. Isolates underwent pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, PCR for 33 putative virulence genes, and screening for(More)
In a recent landmark trial of bacteremia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates, vancomycin MICs were >or=1 microg/ml for only 16% of the isolates, and accessory gene regulator (agr) function as measured by delta-hemolysin activity was absent or reduced in only 28.1% of the isolates. This clinical study did not capture a(More)
An initiative was taken to determine the in vitro activity of daptomycin against 85 Gram-positive isolates with reduced susceptibilities to linezolid and quinupristin/dalfopristin. Daptomycin had potent activity against all strains, with a Staphylococcus spp. minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) < or =2 microg/mL and an Enterococcus spp. MIC < or =8(More)
Nitric oxide (NO.), a radical species produced by many types of cells, is known to play a critical role in both regulatory processes and cell defense, yet it may also participate in collateral reactions, leading to DNA damage and cell death in both NO-generating and neighboring cells. Glutathione has been shown to protect cells from the toxic effects of(More)
Two prediffusion methods with daptomycin (DAP) Neo-Sensitabs were evaluated against a challenge set of 30 Staphylococcus aureus isolates and 30 enterococci. DAP Neo-Sensitabs were prediffused for either 8 or 20 h on Mueller-Hinton agar. Inhibition zones were plotted versus Etest MIC values determined on the same prediffused agar. A generalization to the(More)