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A two step approach was developed to estimate POC concentrations in a shallow eutrophic lake, where dissolved carbon and inorganic particulate matter strongly influence optical properties. The approach was based on the identification of a co-variability of POC concentrations with one or more inherent optical properties (IOPs). In the present case, a(More)
Dissolved organic matter represents the main reservoir of organic carbon in most aquatic ecosystems. In the present study, we determined the optical changes and the quantum yields of transient species formation for chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) samples undergoing photodegradation. The results show that the triplet states (3)CDOM* are(More)
Aquatic ecosystems around the world, lake, estuaries and coastal areas are increasingly impacted by anthropogenic pollutants through different sources such as agricultural, industrial and urban discharges, atmospheric deposition and terrestrial drainage. Lake Victoria is the second largest lake in the world and the largest tropical lake. Bordered by(More)
The impact of different doses of artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiation on the growth stages of a marine zooplankton was investigated using laboratory microcosms. Mortality percentages of naupliar and adult samples of Artemia franciscana were recorded in relation to different UV doses (single exposure: 75, 150, 300, 600, 1,200, 2,400, 3,900, 7,800 J m(-2))(More)
In aquatic ecosystems, the UV and visible radiation environment is strongly influenced by variation in the chemical and physical parameters of the ecosystems. In shallow lakes, highly heterogeneous water characteristics produce a wide variety of optical environments. Such ecosystems require analysis approaches that consider a potential variability. In this(More)
The relative bio-optical variability within Lake Victoria was analyzed through the spatio-temporal decomposition of a 1997-2004 dataset of remotely-sensed reflectance ratios in the visible spectral range. Results show a regular seasonal pattern with a phase shift (around 2 months) between the south and north parts of the lake. Interannual trends suggested a(More)
In this study, we present results on seasonal and spatial changes in CDOM absorption and fluorescence (fCDOM) in a deep mountain lake (Salto Lake, Italy). A novel approach was used to describe the shape of CDOM absorption between 250-700 nm (distribution of the spectral slope, S(lambda)) and a new fluorescence ratio is used to distinguish between humic and(More)
Changes in the concentration and spectral absorption of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) may strongly condition the optical properties of tropical and subtropical water bodies. We examined the spatial distribution of CDOM-related absorption, spectral slope and vertical attenuation of solar radiation in two shallow lakes in the Esteros del Iberá(More)
The extension and frequency of algal blooms in surface waters can be monitored using remote sensing techniques, yet knowledge of their vertical distribution is fundamental to determine total phytoplankton biomass and understanding temporal variability of surface conditions and the underwater light field. However, different vertical distribution classes of(More)
The spectral distribution of upwelling and downwelling irradiance were used to estimate the effective upwelling irradiance depth as well as examine the angular distribution of the downwelling radiance. The effective upwelling depth was seen to undergo spectral "shifts" in wavelength maxima in relation to elevated particulate concentrations. Wavelengths of(More)