Steven A. Lee

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Eosinophil-mediated diseases, such as allergic asthma, eosinophilic fasciitis, and certain hypersensitivity pulmonary disorders, are characterized by eosinophil infiltration and tissue injury. Mast cells and T cells often colocalize to these areas. Recent data suggest that mast cells can contribute to eosinophil-mediated inflammatory responses. Activation(More)
Fibroblast-derived cytokines may play crucial roles in airway inflammation. In this study, we analyzed expression of the inflammatory cytokine, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a major eosinophilopoietin, by normal human lung fibroblast (NHLF) cells and its regulation by monokines and macrophage contact. NHLFs were stimulated with(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies suggest that HCV infection is associated with progressive declines in pulmonary function in patients with underlying pulmonary diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Few molecular studies have addressed the inflammatory aspects of HCV-associated pulmonary disease. Because IL-8 plays a fundamental role in(More)
Mediterranean societies, with diets rich in vitamin E isoforms, have a lower risk for colon cancer than those of northern Europe and the Americas. Vitamin E rich diets may neutralize free radicals generated by fecal bacteria in the gut and prevent DNA damage, but signal transduction activities can occur independent of the antioxidant function. The term(More)
Fibroblasts play a sentinel role in asthmatic disease. They are the main constituents of connective tissue and are increased in number in the asthmatic lung. They are also capable of secreting a diverse repertoire of cytokines and are able to be activated by pro-inflammatory cytokines and cell-cell contact. Previously we have reported that normal human lung(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. Mast cell-derived cytokines may mediate both airway inflammation and remodeling. It has also been shown that fibroblasts can be the source of proinflammatory cytokines. In the human airways, mast cell-fibroblast interactions may have pivotal effects on modulating inflammation. To study this further,(More)
Mast cells play pivotal roles in immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated airway inflammation, expressing interleukin (IL)-13 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), which in turn regulate IgE synthesis and/or inflammatory cell recruitment. The molecular effects of IL-1beta on cytokine expression by human mast cells (HMC) have not been studied well. In this(More)
Catecholamines, such as epinephrine, are elaborated in stress responses, and mediate vasoconstriction to cause elevation in systemic vascular resistance and blood pressure. Our previous study has shown that IL-1 can induce mast cells to produce proinflammatory cytokines which are involved in atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine the effects(More)
The gram-negative bacterium Erwinia amylovora is the causal agent of fire blight, the most destructive bacterial disease of rosaceous plants, including apple and pear. Here, we compared the virulence levels of six E. amylovora strains (Ea273, CFBP1367, Ea581a, E2002a, E4001a, and HKN06P1) on apple trees and seedlings. The strains produced a range of disease(More)
Mast cells play pivotal roles in IgE-mediated airway inflammation, expressing interleukin13 (IL-13) and monocyte chemoattracant protein-1 (MCP-1), which in turn regulate IgE synthesis and/or inflammatory cell recruitment. The molecular effects of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) on cytokine expression by human mast cells have not been studied well. In this(More)