Steven A. Klankowski

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The SnO2@C@GS composites as a new type of 3D nanoarchitecture have been successfully synthesized by a facile hydrothermal process followed by a sintering strategy. Such a 3D nanoarchitecture is made up of SnO2@C core-shell nanospheres and nanochains anchored on wrinkled graphene sheets (GSs). Transmission electron microscopy shows that these core-shell(More)
h i g h l i g h t s g r a p h i c a l a b s t r a c t Si-coated VACNFs Li-ion battery anode is characterized at high current rates. The high-power capability and long cycling efficiency of nano-hybrid electrode is discussed. A new phenomenon of increasing capacity at increasing current at high rates is presented. Keywords: Li-ion battery anodes High(More)
A TiO2 barrier layer is critical in enhancing the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Two methods to prepare the TiO2 barrier layer on fluorine-doped tin dioxide (FTO) surface were systematically studied in order to minimize electron-hole recombination and electron backflow during photovoltaic processes of DSSCs. The film structure and(More)
This study demonstrates the full infiltration of gel polymer electrolyte into silicon-coated vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (Si-VACNFs), a high-capacity 3D nanostructured anode, and the electrochemical characterization of its properties as an effective electrolyte/separator for future all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries. Two fabrication methods have(More)
A study on the development of high-power supercapacitor materials based on formation of thick mesoporous MnO2 shells on a highly conductive 3D template using vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (VACNFs). Coaxial manganese shells of 100 to 600 nm nominal thicknesses are sputter-coated on VACNFs and then electrochemically oxidized into rose-petal-like(More)
High-aspect-ratio, vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (VACNFs) were conformally coated with aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) using atomic layer deposition (ALD) in order to produce a three-dimensional array of metal-insulator-metal core-shell nanostructures. Prefunctionalization before ALD, as required for initiating covalent(More)
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