Steven A Huntley

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While oxidative stress can induce a heat shock response, the primary signals that initiate activation have not been identified. To identify such signals, HepG2 and V 79 cells were exposed to menadione, a compound that redox-cycles to generate superoxide. The oxidative stress generated by menadione resulted in oxidation of protein thiols in a dose-dependent(More)
The charge-membrane voltage (Q-V) distribution of wild-type rabbit Na(+)/glucose transporter (rSGLT1) expressed in Xenopus oocytes was investigated in the absence of glucose, using the two-electrode voltage-clamp technique. Although this distribution is generally believed to be well represented by a two-state Boltzmann equation, we recently provided(More)
A number of protein reactive compounds, including the thiol reagents diamide and arsenite, are known inducers of heat shock protein (HSP) synthesis and thermotolerance. These compounds are thought to damage cellular protein, which has been proposed to serve as the signal for induction. The specific mechanism of protein damage and its relation to thermal(More)
This investigation tested the hypothesis that depletion of intracellular glutathione, in contrast to its oxidation could lead to non-native oxidation of protein thiols, thereby trapping proteins in an unstable conformation. Chinese hamster cells were exposed to the alpha, beta-unsaturated dicarboxylic acid diethylmaleate in order to produce rapid(More)
Using cysteine mutagenesis and chemical modification by methanethiosulfonate derivatives, it was demonstrated that the external putative loop, joining transmembrane segments (TM's) IV-V of rabbit Na+/glucose cotransporter, rSGLT1, forms part of a Na+ binding and voltage sensing domain. Within this region, exposure to cationic(More)
Positions 163, 166, and 173, within the putative external loop joining transmembrane segments IV and V of rabbit Na(+)/glucose cotransporter, form part of its Na(+) interaction and voltage-sensing domain. Since a Q170C mutation within this region exhibits anomalous behavior, its function was further investigated. We used Xenopus oocytes coinjected with(More)
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