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To enhance preventative and therapeutic strategies for metabolic bone diseases and bone fragility disorders, we began to explore the physical properties of bone tissue at the cellular level. Proximal femurs were harvested from 27 cadavera (16 male and 11 female) for in vitro measurement of the mechanical properties. We measured the variations in(More)
The major goal of this investigation was to collect statistically-based anthropometry describing the kinematics of the human hand and to model this anthropometry as a function of external hand measurements, so that it may be predicted noninvasively. Joint centres were anatomically estimated as the centre of curvature of the head of the bone proximal to the(More)
Eight ankles from fresh cadavera were tested under simulated clinical conditions to determine the effect of increasing the size of the posterior malleolar fracture on the contact area of the ankle joint and on the distribution of joint pressure. The surface area of contact decreased with increased size of the posterior malleolar fragment. However, the(More)
Thrombospondin-2 (TSP2) is a matricellular protein with increased expression during growth and regeneration. TSP2-null mice show accelerated dermal wound healing and enhanced bone formation. We hypothesized that bone regeneration would be enhanced in the absence of TSP2. Closed, semistabilized transverse fractures were created in the tibias of wildtype (WT)(More)
In this study, cubes of trabecular bone with a wide range of structural properties were scanned on a micro-computed tomography system to produce complete three-dimensional digitizations from which morphological and architectural parameters could be measured in a nondestructive manner. The cubes were then mechanically tested in uniaxial compression in three(More)
The mechanical properties of trabecular bone have been shown to vary significantly with age, anatomic location, and metabolic condition. Efforts towards predicting its behavior have been extensive, and significant relationship between measures of density and mechanical integrity have been reported. Unfortunately, the significant heterogeneity in trabecular(More)
The purpose of this study was to test whether the menisci displace under joint compression combined with internal-external torques and anterior-posterior forces at fixed flexion angles. We further determined differences in displacements between the medial and lateral menisci. Loads were applied to the joint, and joint load and displacements were measured.(More)
Experimental determination of the elastic modulus and ultimate strength of human tibial trabecular bone as a function of metaphyseal location is presented. A 1 cm cubic matrix with planes parallel to the subchondral plate was defined on five fresh frozen cadaver tibias. Approximately 400, 7 mm X 10 mm cylindrical bone plugs were cut from the locations(More)
Bone remodeling is necessary to avoid microdamage accumulation, which could lead to whole-bone failure. Previous studies have shown that this bone-repair mechanism is triggered by osteocyte apoptosis. Through the use of a rodent hindlimb suspension model and tibial four-point bending model, the effects of disuse on microdamage remodeling was examined. At(More)
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) are a source of osteoblast precursors that can be recruited during bone remodeling or injury, both important processes in aging populations. With advancing age, alterations in bone structure and mineralization are often associated with an increase in osteoporosis and fracture risk. Changes in the number of osteoprogenitor(More)