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The micF gene is a stress response gene found in Escherichia coli and related bacteria that post-transcriptionally controls expression of the outer membrane porin gene ompF. The micF gene encodes a non-translated 93 nt antisense RNA that binds its target ompF mRNA and regulates ompF expression by inhibiting translation and inducing degradation of the(More)
The Tar chemoreceptor of Escherichia coli is a membrane-bound sensory protein that facilitates bacterial chemotaxis in response to aspartate. The EnvZ molecule has a membrane topology similar to Tar and is a putative osmosensor that is required for osmoregulation of the genes for the major outer membrane porin proteins, OmpF and OmpC. The cytoplasmic(More)
We present results from epifluorescence, differential interference contrast, and transmission electron microscopy showing that Xenorhabdus nematophila colonizes a receptacle in the anterior intestine of the infective juvenile (IJ) stage of Steinernema carpocapsae. This region is connected to the esophagus at the esophagointestinal junction. The process by(More)
UNLABELLED Microbial symbionts provide benefits that contribute to the ecology and fitness of host plants and animals. Therefore, the evolutionary success of plants and animals fundamentally depends on long-term maintenance of beneficial associations. Most work investigating coevolution and symbiotic maintenance has focused on species-level associations,(More)
BACKGROUND Flexible genomes facilitate bacterial evolution and are classically organized into polymorphic strain-specific segments called regions of genomic plasticity (RGPs). Using a new web tool, RGPFinder, we investigated plasticity units in bacterial genomes, by exhaustive description of the RGPs in two Photorhabdus and two Xenorhabdus strains,(More)
Xenofuranones A (1) and B (2) have been isolated from cultures of the insect-pathogenic bacterium Xenorhabdus szentirmaii, and their structures were elucidated by NMR and mass spectroscopy. Both compounds show similarities to fungal furanones, and their biosynthesis was studied using a reversed approach by feeding putative 12C precursors to an overall 13C(More)
OmpR is a DNA-binding protein that regulates transcription of ompF and ompC. The activity of OmpR is controlled by the inner membrane osmosensor, EnvZ. In order to study the signaling process between EnvZ and OmpR, we analyzed two different envZ strains: the envZ473 strain, in which OmpC is constitutively produced and OmpF is fully repressed, and the envZ3(More)
Xenorhabdus nematophila, the mutualistic bacterium of the nematode Steinernema carpocapsae, produces the R-type bacteriocin called xenorhabdicin, which is thought to confer a competitive advantage for growth in the insect host. We have identified a P2-like tail synthesis gene cluster (xnp1) that is required for xenorhabdicin production. The xnp1 genes were(More)
Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus spp. are gram negative gamma proteobacteria that form entomopathogenic symbioses with soil nematodes. They undergo a complex life cycle that involves a symbiotic stage, in which the bacteria are carried in the gut of the nematodes, and a pathogenic stage, in which susceptible insect prey are killed by the combined action of the(More)