Steven A. Fisher

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The control of force production in vascular smooth muscle is critical to the normal regulation of blood flow and pressure, and altered regulation is common to diseases such as hypertension, heart failure, and ischemia. A great deal has been learned about imbalances in vasoconstrictor and vasodilator signals, e.g., angiotensin, endothelin, norepinephrine,(More)
In vitro experiments showing the activation of the myosin phosphatase via heterophilic leucine zipper interactions between its targeting subunit (MYPT1) and cGMP-dependent protein kinase I suggested a pathway for smooth muscle relaxation (Surks, H. K., Mochizuki, N., Kasai, Y., Georgescu, S. P., Tang, K. M., Ito, M., Lincoln, T. M., and Mendelsohn, M. E.(More)
Recently, it has been hypothesized that myosin light chain (MLC) phosphatase is activated by cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) via a leucine zipper-leucine zipper (LZ-LZ) interaction through the C-terminal LZ in the myosin-binding subunit (MBS) of MLC phosphatase and the N-terminal LZ of PKG (Surks, H. K., Mochizuki, N., Kasai, Y., Georgescu, S. P., Tang,(More)
Recent physiological experiments have shown that the responses of many neurons in V1 and V3a are modulated by the direction of gaze. We have developed a neural network model of the hierarchy of maps in visual cortex to explore the hypothesis that visual features are encoded in egocentric (spatiotopic) coordinates at early stages of visual processing. Most(More)
Smooth muscle myosin phosphatase dephosphorylates the regulatory myosin light chain and thus mediates smooth muscle relaxation. The activity of this myosin phosphatase is dependent upon its myosin-targeting subunit (MYPT1). Isoforms of MYPT1 have been identified, but how they are generated and their relationship to smooth muscle phenotypes is not clear.(More)
BACKGROUND Myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP) govern myosin light chain (LC20) phosphorylation and smooth muscle contraction. Rho kinase (ROK) inhibits MLCP, resulting in greater LC20 phosphorylation and force generation at a given [Ca(2+) ](i) . Here, we investigate the role of ROK in regulating LC20 phosphorylation(More)
Myosin phosphatase is a target for signaling pathways that modulate calcium sensitivity of force production in smooth muscle. Myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) isoforms are generated by cassette-type alternative splicing of exons in the central and 3' portion of the transcript. Exclusion of the 3' alternative exon, coding for the leucine zipper(More)
Myosin phosphatase is the primary effector of smooth muscle relaxation and a target of signaling pathways that regulate vascular tone. The mesenteric small resistance artery and large vessel smooth muscle express distinct isoforms of the myosin phosphatase targeting subunit (MYPT1), and the isoforms in the small resistance artery switch in a disease model(More)
Microcirculatory dysfunction may cause tissue malperfusion and progression to organ failure in the later stages of sepsis, but the role of smooth muscle contractile dysfunction is uncertain. Mice were given intraperitoneal LPS, and mesenteric arteries were harvested at 6-h intervals for analyses of gene expression and contractile function by wire myography.(More)
Dramatic and vascular bed-specific hemodynamic changes occur in pregnancy and hypertension of pregnancy (HtP). Because myosin phosphatase (MP) is the primary effector of smooth muscle relaxation and a key target of signaling pathways that regulate vascular tone, we hypothesized that MP expression would be altered in these conditions. The abundance of the(More)