Steven A Fielding

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The effects of several 5-HT1A agonists and excitatory amino acid antagonists were compared to the standard benzodiazepines, diazepam and chlordiazepoxide (CDP) in two assays predictive of anxiolytic activity, the social interaction and elevated plus maze procedures. Indicative of anxiolytic effects the 5-HT1A agonists, buspirone, gepirone and(More)
Benzodiazepine (BZD) anxiolytics, through their activation of the BZD-GABA receptor complex, display robust anxiolytic-like effects following systemic administration in both conditioned and non-conditioned behavioral procedures. The present results show that the GABAA agonists muscimol (0.5-1.0 mg/kg), THIP (2.5-10.0 mg/kg), and isoguvacine (25.0 mg/kg) as(More)
Nomifensine has demonstrated efficacy in several animal models that have been found to be predictive of clinical antidepressant activity, and has also been found to have a low potential for both cardiovascular and anticholinergic side effects. A comparison of nomifensine's profile with those of standard antidepressant agents shows this drug to possess clear(More)
The activity of clonidine and its interaction with morphine was assessed in the mouse tail flick assay. In this assay, clonidine was found to be 10 times more potent than morphine. Clonidine potentiated morphine antinociceptive activity approximately five-fold and morphine potentiated clonidine activity four-fold. Clonidine's agonstic activity was not(More)
The transgenic Huntington's disease (tgHD) rat strain provides a well regarded transgenic animal model of Huntington's disease, offering the prospect for a more detailed functional analysis in rats, along with neurological and therapeutic interventions, than is possible in the more widely available mouse models. In the present experiments, we compare the(More)
Rats were trained to discriminate physostigmine (0.1 mg/kg s.c.) from saline in a two-choice, discrete-trial avoidance paradigm. Stimulus generalization curves for physostigmine were steep; complete generalization with physostigmine occurred only at the 0.1 mg/kg training dose. The muscarinic cholinergic agonists oxotremorine, pilocarpine and arecoline were(More)
In accordance with the genetic nature of Huntington's disease (HD), transgenic and knock-in mouse models have been developed that have sought to recapitulate the key features of the human condition. To date, only a single rat model has been developed, the tgHD rat that carries 51 CAG repeats. The tgHD rat has many of the anatomical and behavioural(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of HealOzone (CurOzone USA Inc., Ontario, Canada) for the management of pit and fissure caries, and root caries. The complete HealOzone procedure involves the direct application of ozone gas to the caries lesion on the tooth surface, the use of a remineralising solution immediately after(More)