Steve W. Mifflin

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The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) receives inputs from both arterial chemoreceptors and central noradrenergic neural structures activated during hypoxia. We investigated norepinephrine (NE) modulation of chemoreceptor afferent integration after a chronic exposure to sustained hypoxia (CSH) (7-8 d at 10% FIO(2)). Whole-cell recordings of NTS(More)
In anesthetized rats, increases in phrenic nerve (PN) amplitude and frequency during brief periods of hypoxia or electrical stimulation of the carotid sinus nerve (CSN) are followed by an increase in expiratory duration. We investigated the effects of chronic exposure to hypoxia on PN responses to CSN stimulation. In Inactin anesthetized (100 mg/kg)(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that microinjection of baclofen, a GABA(B) receptor agonist, into the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) results in an enhanced pressor response in hypertensive (HT) rats compared with normotensive (NT) rats, suggesting a possible alteration in the responses of neurons in this area to activation of GABA(B) receptors. The(More)
The synaptic connection between slowly adapting pulmonary stretch receptor afferents and inspiratory neurones within a region ventral to the tractus solitarius was determined using intracellular recording and spike triggered averaging techniques. When the vagus nerve was stimulated at intensities eliciting a Hering-Breuer reflex, the difference in mean(More)
Activation of neuronal ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels is an important mechanism that protects neurons and conserves neural function during hypoxia. We investigated hypoxia (bath gassed with 95% N(2)-5% CO(2) vs. 95% O(2)-5% CO(2) in control)-induced changes in K(ATP) current in second-order neurons of peripheral chemoreceptors in the nucleus of(More)
Whole cell patch-clamp measurements were made in neurons enzymatically dispersed from the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) to determine if alterations occur in voltage-dependent potassium channels from rats made hypertensive (HT) by unilateral nephrectomy/renal wrap for 4 wk. Some rats had the fluorescent tracer DiA applied to the aortic nerve before the(More)
Microinjection of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid B-subtype receptor agonist baclofen into the nucleus tractus solitarius increases arterial blood pressure and sympathetic nerve discharge. The baclofen-induced pressor response is enhanced in chronic hypertension. We hypothesized that a postsynaptic mechanism contributes to the(More)
The inhibitory amino acid GABA is released within the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) during hypoxia and modulates the respiratory response to hypoxia. To determine if responses of NTS neurons to activation of GABA(A) receptors are altered following exposure to chronic hypoxia, GABA(A) receptor-evoked whole cell currents were measured in enzymatically(More)
In anesthetized rats, increases in phrenic nerve amplitude and frequency during brief periods of hypoxia are followed by a reduction in phrenic nerve burst frequency [posthypoxia frequency decline (PHFD)]. We investigated the effects of chronic exposure to hypoxia on PHFD and on peripheral and central O2-sensing mechanisms. In Inactin-anesthetized (100(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether neurons within the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) that express the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) play a role in aldosterone stimulation of salt intake. Adult Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats received microinjections into the NTS of a short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) for the MR, to site specifically reduce levels of the(More)