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OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical effectiveness of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of tendinopathy. Secondary objectives were to determine the relevance of irradiation parameters to outcomes, and the validity of current dosage recommendations for the treatment of tendinopathy. BACKGROUND LLLT is proposed as a possible treatment for tendon(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial to assess the clinical effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) when used in addition to eccentric exercise in the management of Achilles tendinopathy. BACKGROUND DATA LLLT has emerged as a possible treatment modality for tendon injuries. Over the past 20 years only three human(More)
Eccentric exercises for the calf muscles have been shown to be effective for chronic non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy (AT). However, the relative effectiveness of various dosages is unknown. A systematic review of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) was designed to determine whether an optimum dose of eccentric exercises could be recommended. Three(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to a program of eccentric exercises for the treatment of Achilles' tendinopathy. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial with evaluations at baseline and 4, 12, and 52 weeks. SETTING Primary care clinic. PARTICIPANTS Participants with midportion Achilles'(More)
Laser acupuncture has been studied extensively over several decades to establish evidence-based clinical practice. This systematic review aims to evaluate the effects of laser acupuncture on pain and functional outcomes when it is used to treat musculoskeletal disorders and to update existing evidence with data from recent randomized controlled trials(More)
The aim of this systematic review of systematic reviews was to critically appraise systematic reviews on Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction rehabilitation to determine which interventions are supported by the highest quality evidence. Electronic searches were undertaken, of MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, EBM reviews, PEDro, Scopus, and Web of Science(More)
BACKGROUND Normative two-point discrimination thresholds (TPDTs) have been reported for different body regions and the relationships between TPDT and body schema integrity and physical performances are previously shown. However, such relationships with shoulder physical performance have not been investigated. OBJECTIVES To quantify TPDT of the shoulders(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity (PA) plays an important role in the prevention and management of a number of chronic conditions. AIM to investigate the evidence for effectiveness of pedometer-driven walking programs to promote physical activity among patients with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). METHOD A comprehensive systematic review was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Current evidence supports the use of pedometers as effective motivational tools to promote physical activity and improve health-related quality of life in the general population. The aims of this study are to examine whether a pedometer-driven walking programme can improve health-related quality of life, and increase ambulatory activity in a(More)
Joint kinematic assessment using an electromagnetic tracking device (EMTD) requires palpation-digitization (PD) of bony landmarks to define the anatomical axes. Errors in PD of bony landmarks can perturb the anatomical axes and affect the validity and reliability of kinematic measurements. The validity and reliability of PD for kinematic measurement needs(More)