Steve Standley

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Although synaptic AMPA receptors have been shown to rapidly internalize, synaptic NMDA receptors are reported to be static. It is not certain whether NMDA receptor stability at synaptic sites is an inherent property of the receptor, or is due to stabilization by scaffolding proteins. In this study, we demonstrate that NMDA receptors are internalized in both(More)
The NMDA receptor NR1 subunit has four splice variants that differ in their C-terminal, cytoplasmic domain. We investigated the contribution of the C-terminal cassettes, C0, C1, C2, and C2', to trafficking of NR1 in heterologous cells and neurons. We identified an ER retention signal (RRR) in the C1 cassette of NR1, which is similar to the RXR motif in(More)
The NMDA receptor (NMDAR) plays a central role in the function of excitatory synapses. Recent studies have provided interesting insights into several aspects of the trafficking of this receptor in neurons. The NMDAR is not a static resident of the synapse. Rather, the number and composition of synaptic NMDARs can be modulated by several factors. The(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor plays a central role at excitatory synapses where it has been implicated in multiple functions associated with synaptic plasticity. While this receptor has been intensely studied with respect to its physiology and pharmacology, its cell-biological properties, such as subunit assembly, post-translational processing(More)
Members of the ionotropic glutarnate receptor (iGluR) family have between 4 and 12 consensus asparagine (N)-linked glycosylation sites. They are localized on the extracellular N-termini, and the loop between the penultimate and last transmembrane domains. These regions also contain the essential elements for formation of the ligand binding site. N-linked(More)
Gated solely by activity-induced changes in intracellular calcium, small-conductance potassium channels (SKs) are critical for a variety of functions in the CNS, from learning and memory to rhythmic activity and sleep. While there is a wealth of information on SK2 gating, kinetics, and Ca(2+) sensitivity, little is known regarding the regulation of SK2(More)
Förster (or fluorescence) resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a process involving the radiation-less transfer of energy from a “donor” fluorophore to an “acceptor” fluorophore. FRET technology enables the quantitative analysis of molecular dynamics in biophysics and in molecular biology, such as the monitoring of protein–protein interactions, protein–DNA(More)
Kainate receptors are a class of ionotropic glutamate receptors that are widely expressed in the mammalian brain, yet little is known about their physiological role or the mechanisms by which they are regulated. Kainate receptors are composed of multiple subunits (GluR5-7; KA1-2), which can combine to form homomeric or heteromeric channels. While the(More)
NMDA receptor NR2A/B subunits have PDZ-binding domains on their extreme C-termini that are known to interact with the PSD-95 family and other PDZ proteins. We explore the interactions between PSD-95 family proteins and the NR2A/B cytoplasmic tails, and the consequences of these interactions, from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through delivery to the(More)
SAP97 is directly involved in exporting NMDA receptors with a specific subunit composition from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Characterization of the interactions between SAP97 and an NMDA receptor splice variant, GluN1-3, and of the effects on forward trafficking revealed that an ER-level interaction blocked the RXR ER-retention motif in the GluN1-3(More)
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