Steve Snyder

Learn More
We evaluated a virtual reality shoulder arthroscopy simulator using a standardized skills-assessment algorithm in 3 specific groups with various degrees of surgical expertise. The simulator (Mentice Corp, Gothenberg, Sweden) consists of a computer-based, dual-force feedback system with video monitor. Modeled structures include cartilage, labrum, ligaments,(More)
The combined effects of endurance run training and renal hypertension on cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]c) dynamics and Na+-dependent Ca2+ regulation in rat left ventricular cardiomyocytes were examined. Male Fischer 344 rats underwent stenosis of the left renal artery [hypertensive (Ht), n = 18] or a sham operation [normotensive (Nt), n = 20].(More)
Cardiac contraction and relaxation dynamics result from a set of simultaneously interacting Ca(2+) regulatory mechanisms. In this study, cardiocyte Ca(2+) dynamics were modeled using a set of six differential equations that were based on theories, equations, and parameters described in previous studies. Among the unique features of the model was the(More)
The appropriate irrigation fluid for use during arthroscopic procedures should be selected on the basis of fluid-tissue and fluid-instrumentation compatibility. This study describes a new irrigation fluid, Synovisol, that is isomolar, nonhemolytic, nonantigenic, has a low viscosity, and is nonconductive. The rabbit knee was used as a model to demonstrate(More)
The effects of run endurance training and fura 2 loading on the contractile function and Ca2+ regulation of rat left ventricular myocytes were examined. In myocytes not loaded with fura 2, the maximal extent of myocyte shortening was reduced with training under our pacing conditions [0.5 Hz at 2.0 and 0.75 mM external Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]o)], although(More)
The effects of endurance run training on Na+-dependent Ca2+ regulation in rat left ventricular myocytes were examined. Myocytes were isolated from sedentary and trained rats and loaded with fura 2. Contractile dynamics and fluorescence ratio transients were recorded during electrical pacing at 0.5 Hz, 2 mM extracellular Ca2+ concentration, and 29 degreesC.(More)
The effects of endurance run training on alpha-adrenergic responsiveness of rat left ventricle (LV) were examined in cardiomyocytes and isovolumic LV. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were sedentary (Sed) or trained (Tr) for >20 wk by treadmill running. Cardiomyocyte shortening and fura 2 fluorescence ratio were recorded before and during 5-min exposure to 5(More)
A comprehensive biological, sediment, and water quality study of the lower Little Scioto River near Marion, Ohio, USA, was undertaken to evaluate the changes or improvements in biotic measurements following the removal of creosote-contaminated sediment. The study area covered 7.5 river miles (RMs), including a remediated section between RMs 6.0 and 6.8.(More)
The effect of five different irrigating fluids on the ultrastructure of articular cartilage was studied utilizing the scanning electron microscope. Gross histologic studies have shown no significant difference amongst commonly used irrigating fluids on the surface or matrix composition of articular cartilage. Recent in vivo and in vitro biochemical studies,(More)
....................................................................................................... v Introduction ................................................................................................. 2 Methods........................................................................................................ 6 +Manipulation of Sediment(More)