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The starchy swollen roots of cassava provide an essential food source for nearly a billion people, as well as possibilities for bioenergy, yet improvements to nutritional content and resistance to threatening diseases are currently impeded. A 454-based whole genome shotgun sequence has been assembled, which covers 69% of the predicted genome size and 96% of(More)
The cultivation of rice in Africa dates back more than 3,000 years. Interestingly, African rice is not of the same origin as Asian rice (Oryza sativa L.) but rather is an entirely different species (i.e., Oryza glaberrima Steud.). Here we present a high-quality assembly and annotation of the O. glaberrima genome and detailed analyses of its evolutionary(More)
BACKGROUND There has been a trend in increasing the phylogenetic scope of genome sequencing without finishing the sequence of the genome. Increasing numbers of genomes are being published in scaffold or contig form. Rearrangement algorithms, however, including gene order-based phylogenetic tools, require whole genome data on gene order or syntenic block(More)
Projects website reports that sequencing of several more plant genomes is in progress. The first wave of plant genome se-quencing has passed, and we are now entering a new era in plant genomics research. Many of the obvious candidates for genome sequencing, model species with small genomes or species of economic importance , have either already been(More)
BACKGROUND Recent phylogenetic analyses have identified Amborella trichopoda, an understory tree species endemic to the forests of New Caledonia, as sister to a clade including all other known flowering plant species. The Amborella genome is a unique reference for understanding the evolution of angiosperm genomes because it can serve as an outgroup to root(More)
Cassava is a globally important food security and industrial crop produced for food, feed, starch and biofuel. Cassava is drought-tolerant and can grow in poor soils. Roots can be stored in the ground for long periods as part of intact growing plants, allowing flexible harvest times for poor farmers in the tropics. In addition, due to cassava’s inherently(More)
DNA (class 2) transposons are mobile genetic elements which move within their 'host' genome through excising and re-inserting elsewhere. Although the rice genome contains tens of thousands of such elements, their actual role in evolution is still unclear. Analysing over 650 transposon polymorphisms in the rice species Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima, we(More)
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