Steve Richardson

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Random high throughput sequencing of a human osteoclast cDNA library was employed to identify novel osteoclast-expressed genes. Of the 5475 ESTs obtained, approximately 4% encoded cathepsin K, a novel cysteine protease homologous to cathepsins S and L; ESTs for other cathepsins were rare. In addition, ESTs for cathepsin K were absent or at low frequency in(More)
OBJECTIVE The receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK), RANK ligand (RANKL), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) signaling pathway (RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling) is implicated in the osteolysis associated with diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN); however, the links with medial arterial calcification (MAC) seen in people with CN are unclear. This study aimed to(More)
Graft rejection remains a formidable problem contributing to poor outcomes after lung transplantation. Blocking chemokine pathways have yielded promising results in some organ transplant systems. Previous clinical studies have demonstrated upregulation of CCR2 ligands following lung transplantation. Moreover, lung injury is attenuated in CCR2-deficient mice(More)
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), an alpha-herpes virus, is the causative agent of chickenpox, shingles, and postherpetic neuralgia. The three-dimensional crystal structure of the serine protease from VZV has been determined at 3.0-A resolution. The VZV protease is essential for the life cycle of the virus and is a potential target for therapeutic intervention.(More)
Ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury following lung transplantation is exacerbated by the destruction of the endothelial cell barrier leading to pulmonary edema and dysregulated activated lymphocyte migration. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a G-coupled protein receptor (GPCR) agonist, has been previously shown to promote endothelial cell tight junction(More)
To determine whether hypothalamic somatostatin (SRIF) release might be modulated by a negative feedback loop, we examined the effects of exogenous SRIF on the release of SRIF immunoreactivity from dispersed adult rat hypothalamic cells. Added SRIF-(1-14) caused dose-dependent inhibition of endogenous SRIF release in this system (IC50, 140 pM). SRIF-(1-28)(More)
Unlike graft-resident donor-derived hemopoietic APCs, which decrease in number over time after transplantation, vascular endothelial cells are lifelong residents of a vascularized allograft. Endothelial cells are potent APCs for allogeneic CD8+ T lymphocytes but are unable to induce proliferation of allogeneic CD4+ T lymphocytes. Although the reason for(More)
We have developed a new short term in vitro system to examine hypothalamic somatostatin (SRIF) release. Hypothalamic cells were obtained from normal rats after trypsin or collagenase aided dispersion and released immuno-reactive (IR) SRIF which eluted in 3 molecular weight (MW) forms on gel chromatography. The smallest MW form, which constituted the major(More)
Caspases have been strongly implicated to play an essential role in apoptosis. A critical question regarding the role(s) of these proteases is whether selective inhibition of an effector caspase(s) will prevent cell death. We have identified potent and selective non-peptide inhibitors of the effector caspases 3 and 7. The inhibition of apoptosis and(More)