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We recently reported behavioral improvements following intrastriatal transplantation of cryopreserved cultured human neuroteratocarcinoma-derived cells (hNT neurons) in rats with cerebral ischemia induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. In the present study, the viability and survival of hNT neurons were evaluated immediately prior to the(More)
Lithium (Li +) treatment of NTera2/D1 (or hNT Neurons) in culture increases tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression in this cell-line [Zigova et al., (1999) Exp. Neurol., 157, 251-258]. It is not known if these Li + treated cells maintain TH expression once transplanted into the striatum of the hemiparkinsonian rats. hNT neurons were either treated with 1 mm(More)
Human umbilical cord blood (hUCB) is a rich source of hematopoietic stem cells that have been used to reconstitute immune cells and blood lineages. Cells from another hematopoietic source, bone marrow, have been found to differentiate into neural cells and are effective in the treatment of stroke. In this study, we administered hUCB cells intravenously into(More)
Cerebrovascular disease exemplifies the poor regenerative capacity of the CNS. While there are methods to prevent cerebral infarction, there is no effective therapy available to ameliorate the anatomical, neurochemical and behavioral deficits which follow cerebral ischemia. Focal and transient occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in rodents has(More)
One of the major issues in neural transplantation is the low survival rate (<5%) of transplanted dopamine (DA) neurons [3]. Recently it has been shown that it is possible to enhance the survival of these neurons, which in turn may decrease the amount of tissue that is required for each transplantation patient. The present paper demonstrates a novel approach(More)
We investigated the 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP)-induced hypoactive model of Huntington's disease (HD) to demonstrate whether fetal tissue transplantation can ameliorate behavioral deficits associated with a more advanced stage of HD. Twelve-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were introduced to the 3-NP dosing regimen (10 mg/kg, i.p., once every 4 days for 28(More)
Sertoli cells (SCs) provide immune protection and nutritive support to the developing germ cells in the testis. Sertoli cells have also been shown to provide immune protection to islets transplanted outside the testes. In this study, the ability of these cells to diminish the infiltration/activation of microglia into a neural graft implanted in the lesioned(More)
The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in the rat is a commonly used model to evaluate new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of ischemic stroke. However, many such studies rely on short-term neurological examination and infarct volume as endpoint measures while neglecting more long-term functional assessments. In this study, we examined whether(More)
Entrained circadian rhythms may modulate many behavioral activities of animals and humans. In the present study, we examined whether lighting conditions and melatonin treatment participate behaviorally in the entrainment of circadian rhythms in the rodent. In experiment one, Sprague-Dawley rats were introduced to the Rotorod test apparatus at nighttime or(More)
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