Learn More
The IGFBP proteases were first described in pregnancy serum as a proteolytic activity against IGFBP-3. Since then, IGFBP proteases have been described in many other clinical situations, in various body fluids, and have been shown to cleave IGFBP-2 to -6 with varying specificity. The molecular nature of some of these proteases is being unraveled and three(More)
The IGF axis has been implicated in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) via the paracrine action of IGFs and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). In this study, we examined the regulation of cell growth and IGFBP-3 secretion by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in prostatic stromal cell (PC-S) cultures from histologically normal(More)
Surveillance reports and prevalence studies have indicated that injecting drug users (IDUs) contribute more to the hepatitis C epidemic in the United Kingdom than any other risk group. Information on both the prevalence and incidence of hepatitis C in IDUs is therefore essential to understanding the epidemiology of this infection. The prevalence of(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis is involved in regulating proliferation in a variety of cell types, including airway smooth muscle. Because airway hyperplasia is a characteristic feature of asthma and other lung diseases, we examined the interaction of the potent proinflammatory eicosanoid leukotriene D4 (LTD4) with the IGF axis in regulating(More)
The IGFs are mitogenic agents which are closely linked to regulatory processes in carbohydrate metabolism. Because limited information is available on the occurrence of the IGF system in the pancreatic beta-cell milieu, we evaluated the presence of IGFs, IGF receptors, and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the beta-cell lines beta TC3 and HIT T-15.(More)
We have previously described a case of tumor-associated hypoglycemia secondary to the production of high molecular weight insulin-line growth factor (IGF)-II in a child with congenital neuroblastoma. The child's hypoglycemia resolved with GH therapy and has continued to be well controlled for 1 yr. This represents one of the first cases of nonislet cell(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the asthma-associated proinflammatory eicosanoid leukotriene D4 (LTD4) is comitogenic with insulin-like growth factors (IGF) in airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. This synergistic effect of LTD4 and IGF on ASM cell growth involves proteolysis of ASM-produced inhibitory IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP). In this report, we(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) proteases modulate IGF action by cleaving IGFBPs into fragments with lower affinity to IGFs, thereby increasing the levels of free IGFs. We have previously documented that prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a serine protease of the kallikrein family, is an IGFBP-3 protease. In this study, we(More)