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Given that the incidence of sports-related concussion is considered to have reached epidemic proportions, in the past 15 years we have witnessed an explosion of research in this field. The purpose of the current review is to compare the results provided by the different assessment tools used in the scientific literature in order to gain a better(More)
OBJECTIVE This study prospectively examined neuropsychological functioning in 2300 collegiate football players from 10 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division A universities. The study was designed to determine the presence and duration of neuropsychological symptoms after mild head injury. METHODS A nonequivalent repeated measures control group(More)
Seventy-one patients with minor head injury were given extensive neuropsychological evaluations 3 months after injury. A significant percentage of the patients demonstrated cognitive impairment, which seemed essentially unrelated to the length of unconsciousness or of posttraumatic amnesia. Impaired patients evidenced memory and visuospatial deficits.(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined whether primary care physicians provide education and counselling on head injury prevention as part of their routine health care discussions with patients. METHODS A preventive health care practices survey was distributed to 678 physicians in the Central Virginia area. Data regarding respondents' age, gender, medical(More)
Disability following head injury varies depending on injury mechanism, neuropathology, and other factors, including medical complications. Mild head injury (Glasgow Coma Scale score 13-15) has been shown to have considerable variability in outcome. Some persons experience rapid symptom resolution whereas others continue to evidence symptoms for an extended(More)
Although concern about mild sports head injury has significantly increased in the past decade, few well-controlled studies exist. As such, we are not able to definitively specify the effect of injury biomechanics, severity, frequency, and complications on outcome. Until more definitive research is completed, management of mild head injury will have to be(More)
Retest effects on a diverse set of neuropsychological measures were established using a normal sample comprised of college athletes (N = 110). Results suggest that retest effects vary depending on the type of test used, but the magnitude of effect on individual tests can be quite large. Implications of using tests with large retest effects or tests without(More)
OBJECTIVE Establish the relation between age, gender, initial neurologic deficit, stroke location, prior stroke, hemisphere of stroke, and functional outcome in ischemic stroke. DESIGN Single group, multivariate, repeated measures design with 327 persons having ischemic stroke recruited from 20 participating centers. SETTING Twenty European stroke(More)
Previous studies examining the relationship between cognition and ability to benefit from inpatient rehabilitation have found cognitive dysfunction to be associated with a poor rehabilitation outcome. To examine whether cognitive dysfunction precluded effective rehabilitation, 52 consecutive admissions to a geriatric rehabilitation unit were assigned Mini(More)
Although numerous studies have examined the prevalence of depression after stroke and its relationship to functional outcome, minimal research attention has been focused on depression in the acute inpatient rehabilitation setting. Fifty-one consecutive admissions to a geriatric rehabilitation unit were screened for depression using the Geriatric Depression(More)