Steve Lancel

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The nuclear receptor Rev-erb-α modulates hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism, adipogenesis and the inflammatory response in macrophages. We show here that Rev-erb-α is highly expressed in oxidative skeletal muscle and that its deficiency in muscle leads to reduced mitochondrial content and oxidative function, as well as upregulation of autophagy. These(More)
BACKGROUND A hallmark of aging of the cardiac myocyte is impaired sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) calcium uptake and relaxation due to decreased SR calcium ATPase (SERCA) activity. We tested the hypothesis that H2O2-mediated oxidation of SERCA contributes to impaired myocyte relaxation in aging. METHODS AND RESULTS Young (5-month-old) and senescent(More)
Nitroxyl (HNO) exerts inotropic and lusitropic effects in myocardium, in part via activation of SERCA (sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase). To elucidate the molecular mechanism, adult rat ventricular myocytes were exposed to HNO derived from Angeli's salt. HNO increased the maximal rate of thapsigargin-sensitive Ca2+ uptake mediated by SERCA in(More)
AIMS Metabolic syndrome induces cardiac dysfunction associated with mitochondria abnormalities. As low levels of carbon monoxide (CO) may improve myocardial and mitochondrial activities, we tested whether a CO-releasing molecule (CORM-3) reverses metabolic syndrome-induced cardiac alteration through changes in mitochondrial biogenesis, dynamics and(More)
INTRODUCTION Frequency-dependent acceleration of relaxation (FDAR) ensures appropriate ventricular filling at high heart rates and results from accelerated sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) activity independent of calcium removal from the cell. Because lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge may induce aberrations in calcium trafficking(More)
BACKGROUND Pathophysiological processes underlying diabetic-related cardiomyopathies are complex. Mitochondria dysfunction is often described as a cause of cardiac impairment but its extent may depend on the type of experimental diabetes. Here we proposed to compare drug- or diet-induced models of diabetes in terms of metabolic features, cardiac and(More)
BACKGROUND Acute ozone exposure causes lung oxidative stress and inflammation leading to lung injury. At least one mechanism underlying the lung toxicity of ozone involves excessive production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen intermediates such as peroxynitrite. In addition and beyond its major prooxidant properties, peroxynitrite may nitrate tyrosine(More)
Although MAPK pathway inhibitors are becoming a promising anticancer strategy, they are insufficient to fully eliminate cancer cells and their long-term efficacy is strikingly limited in patients with BRAF-mutant melanomas. It is well established that BRAF inhibitors (BRAFi) hamper glucose uptake before the apparition of cell death. Here, we show that BRAFi(More)
AIMS Development of metabolic syndrome is associated with impaired cardiac performance, mitochondrial dysfunction and pro-inflammatory cytokine increase, such as the macrophage migration inhibitory factor MIF. Depending on conditions, MIF may exert both beneficial and deleterious effects on the myocardium. Therefore, we tested whether pharmacological(More)
Nitroxyl (HNO) exerts inotropic and lusitropic effects in myocardium, in part via activation of SERCA (sarcoplas-mic reticulum calcium ATPase). To elucidate the molecular mechanism, adult rat ventricular myocytes were exposed to HNO derived from Angeli's salt. HNO increased the maximal rate of thapsigargin-sensitive Ca 2؉ uptake mediated by SERCA in(More)