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The fimbrial and afimbrial adhesins of the Dr family mediate the adherence of uropathogenic and diarrhoea-associated Escherichia coli to decay-accelerating factor (DAF) present on erythrocytes and other cell types. The Dr haemagglutinin binds type IV collagen and, unlike other members of the Dr family, mediates an adherence inhibited in the presence of(More)
Escherichia coli expressing the Dr family of adhesins adheres to epithelial cells by binding to decay-accelerating factor (DAF) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-related cell surface proteins. The attachment of bacteria expressing Dr adhesins to DAF induces clustering of DAF around bacterial cells and also recruitment of CEA-related cell adhesion(More)
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-related cell adhesion molecules (CEACAMs) are host receptors for the Dr family of adhesins of Escherichia coli. To define the mechanism for binding of Dr adhesins to CEACAM receptors, we carried out structural studies on the N-terminal domain of CEA and its complex with the Dr adhesin. The crystal structure of CEA reveals a(More)
Yersinia enterocolitica isolates harboring a particular species of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid showed a high degree of lethality for gerbils and caused the detachment of HEp-2 tissue cell monolayers. Strains cured of their plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid showed loss of these properties. However, invasiveness of HEp-2 cells was shown not to be a(More)
Escherichia coli that express Dr fimbriae and related adhesins recognize the common receptor decay accelerating factor. E. coli strains that express adhesins of the Dr family were postulated to be associated with cystitis (30-50%), pregnancy-associated pyelonephritis (30%), and chronic diarrhea (50%). In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that E.(More)
Coliform colonies from children whose stools were submitted for microbiologic analysis were studied prospectively to determine the frequency of shedding of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC). In total, 2225 isolates from 445 patients were probed with eaeA (encoding intimin) and the EAF (EPEC adherence factor) probe, and adherence and actin-aggregating(More)
BACKGROUND The frequency with which stools contain Shiga-like toxin producing Escherichia coli not belonging to serotype O157:H7 is unknown in the United States. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency with which these E. coli are present in stools from children from Seattle submitted for bacteriologic analysis. METHODS 2225 coliform colonies(More)
Presence of Escherichia coli enterotoxin genes LT (heat-labile enterotoxin), STaP (heat-stable enterotoxin a, porcine genotype), STaH (heat-stable enterotoxin a, human genotype), and STb (heat-stable enterotoxin b) among 874 swine isolates of E coli was determined, using DNA probes and the DNA colony hybridization technique. Of the 874 isolates evaluated,(More)
Diffusely adhering Escherichia coli (DAEC) strains expressing F1845 fimbrial adhesin or Dr hemagglutinin belonging to the Afa/Dr family of adhesins infect cultured polarized human intestinal cells through recognition of the brush border-associated decay-accelerating factor (DAF; CD55) as a receptor. The wild-type Afa/Dr DAEC strain C1845 has been shown to(More)
All sequenced genomes of Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus, GAS) encode a protein, SpyA, with homology to C3-like ADP-ribosyltransferase toxins. SpyA is a novel virulence factor which plays a role in pathogenesis in a mouse model of soft-tissue infection. In this study we demonstrate that SpyA is a surface-exposed membrane protein which is(More)