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As the use of teams has increased in organizations, research has begun to focus on the role of leadership in fostering team success. This review sought to summarize this literature and advance research and theory by focusing on leadership processes within a team and describing how team leadership can arise from four distinct sources inside and outside a(More)
In 2010, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a generic low-molecular-weight heparin without clinical safety or efficacy data under the Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) pathway. To enable a determination of active ingredient sameness of generic and innovator enoxaparin products, the FDA developed a scientifically rigorous approach based(More)
Plasma testosterone, noradrenaline, and adrenaline concentrations during three bicycle ergometer tests of the same total work output (2160 J X kg-1) but different intensity and duration were measured in healthy male subjects. Tests A and B consisted of three consecutive exercise bouts, lasting 6 min each, of either increasing (1.5, 2.0, 2.5 W X kg-1) or(More)
In this longitudinal study we sought to investigate the presence of different abnormal fetal growth patterns in the pregnant diabetic. At least three serial ultrasound examinations were performed during the third trimester on 522 diabetic and 93 control subjects. Growth curves were established for femur length, abdominal circumference and head(More)
The study examined task interdependence as a structural factor, which influences the emergence of collective-efficacy versus self-efficacy as a team-level construct. It tested for the differential effects of self-and collective-efficacy on team performance and the effects of initial perceptions of self-and collective-efficacy and record of past performance(More)
We evaluated virtual crossmatching (VXM) for organ allocation and immunologic risk reduction in sensitized isolated intestinal transplantation recipients. All isolated intestine transplants performed at our institution from 2008 to 2011 were included in this study. Allograft allocation in sensitized recipients was based on the results of a VXM, in which the(More)
The purpose was to test the hypothesis that the magnitude of the reduction in peak oxygen uptake (VO2) after bed rest is directly proportional to the level of pre-bed rest peak VO2. Complete pre- and post-bed rest working capacity and body weight data were available from three studies involving 24 men (19-24 yr; peak VO2, 2.39-4.80 l . min-1) and 8 women(More)