Steve J.W. Grigson

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Two novel and versatile bacterial consortia were developed for the biodegradation of hydrocarbons. They were isolated from crude oil from the Cormorant Field in the North Sea (MPD-7) and from sediment associated with mangrove roots (MPD-M). The bacterial consortia were able to degrade both aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oils very effectively(More)
The bacterial consortium MPD-M, isolated from sediment associated with Colombian mangrove roots, was effective in the treatment of hydrocarbons in water with salinities varying from 0 to 180 g L(-1). Where the salinity of the culture medium surpassed 20 g L(-1), its effectiveness increased when the cells were immobilized on polypropylene fibers. Over the(More)
The lack of appropriate methods for storing intact and viable cells for the purpose of delayed DNA strand break analysis has hitherto limited the application of the Comet assay to in vitro or in vivo laboratory studies and restricted ecologically more relevant field-collected samples to sites in proximity to suitable laboratory facilities. In the present(More)
The measurement of propantheline ion has been accomplished in urine and plasma following administration of propantheline bromide to man. Trideuteropropantheline bromide is added to the biological fluid to act as a carrier and internal standard to quantify the propantheline ion using multiple ion monitoring. Methane was used as reactant gas but following the(More)
This paper presents the results from study investigating the efficiency with which different surfactants remove crude oil from contaminated soil using a soil washing process. The surfactants studied were aqueous solutions of rhamnolipid, saponin and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The efficiency of surfactants' removal was quantified and then GC/MS analysis(More)
Rats reduce intake of a palatable saccharin solution when followed by access to a preferred sucrose solution. This phenomenon, referred to as an anticipatory contrast effect (ACE), is thought to occur because the value of the saccharin conditioned stimulus (CS) pales in comparison to the highly rewarding sucrose unconditioned stimulus (US) expected in the(More)
This study investigated the removal of crude oil from soil using air sparging assisted stirred tank reactors. Two surfactants (rhamnolipid and sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS) were tested and the effects of different parameters (i.e. temperature, surfactant concentrations, washing time, volume/mass ratio) were investigated under varying washing modes namely,(More)
The methane chemical ionization spectra of a number of tertiary and quaternary amines with a N-trideuteromethyl group show substitution of this group by methyl. The isotopic purity of the original amines was shown to be greater than 99% using ammonia as a reagent gas.
A carrier effect has been shown to exist in a stable isotope dilution assay for diphenoxylate. When a tetradeuterated analogue is used as a carrier and internal standard a sevenfold increase in sensitivity is observed for the unlabelled compound. Examination of a related pharmacologically active compound (SC-27166) showed a much smaller effect.