Steve J. Charette

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Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) confers cellular protection against a variety of cytotoxic stresses and also against physiological stresses associated with growth arrest or receptor-mediated apoptosis. Phosphorylation modulates the activity of HSP27 by causing a major change in the supramolecular organization of the protein, which shifts from oligomers to(More)
Distinct biochemical activities have been reported for small and large molecular complexes of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), respectively. Using glycerol gradient ultracentrifugation and chemical cross-linking, we show here that Chinese hamster HSP27 is expressed in cells as homotypic multimers ranging from dimers up to 700-kDa oligomers. Treatments with(More)
Ask1 (apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1) is activated as a consequence of cell exposure to a variety of stresses and can then initiate apoptosis. A known pathway of apoptosis downstream of Ask1 involves the activation of the stress-activated protein kinases, the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, the activation of caspases, and the fragmentation(More)
Aeromonas salmonicida, a fish pathogen, is the causative agent of furunculosis. It was already shown that growing this bacterium in stressful conditions such as temperature above 22°C might lead to virulence attenuation. Unfortunately, many veterinary microbiology services and reference centers still routinely cultivate A. salmonicida at 25°C. Here we(More)
The heat shock protein HSP27 protects cells against a wide variety of toxic treatments and blocks apoptosis induced by exposures to anticancer drugs and activation of the death receptor Fas. The molecular mechanisms of protection are unknown but appear to be regulated by phosphorylation of HSP27. Two apoptotic pathways can be activated downstream of Fas.(More)
Apoptosis signal-regulated kinase-1 (Ask1) lies upstream of a major redox-sensitive pathway leading to the activation of Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) and the induction of apoptosis. We found that cell exposure to H(2)O(2) caused the rapid oxidation of Ask1, leading to its multimerization through the formation of interchain disulfide bonds. Oxidized Ask1(More)
Sorting of ubiquitinated proteins to multivesicular bodies (MVBs) in mammalian cells relies on proteins with a Vps27/Hrs/STAM (VHS) domain. Here, we show that the amoeba Dictyostelium presents only one protein with a VHS domain: DdTom1. We demonstrate that the VHS domain of DdTom1 is followed by a Golgi-localized, gamma-ear-containing,(More)
Wnt signalling pathways have extremely diverse functions in animals, including induction of cell fates or tumours, guidance of cell movements during gastrulation, and the induction of cell polarity. Wnt can induce polar changes in cellular morphology by a remodelling of the cytoskeleton. However, how activation of the Frizzled receptor induces cytoskeleton(More)
Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is characterized at the cellular level by a defect in the ability of cells to secrete lysosomes. However, the precise step affected in the secretion process is unclear. We characterized Dictyostelium discoideum cells containing a mutation in lvsB, the homolog of the human gene (LYST) involved in CHS. As observed in mammalian(More)
Members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), such as B. ambifaria, are effective biocontrol strains, for instance, as plant growth-promoting bacteria; however, Bcc isolates can also cause severe respiratory infections in people suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF). No distinction is known between isolates from environmental and human origins,(More)