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Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) confers cellular protection against a variety of cytotoxic stresses and also against physiological stresses associated with growth arrest or receptor-mediated apoptosis. Phosphorylation modulates the activity of HSP27 by causing a major change in the supramolecular organization of the protein, which shifts from oligomers to(More)
Distinct biochemical activities have been reported for small and large molecular complexes of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), respectively. Using glycerol gradient ultracentrifugation and chemical cross-linking, we show here that Chinese hamster HSP27 is expressed in cells as homotypic multimers ranging from dimers up to 700-kDa oligomers. Treatments with(More)
Aeromonas salmonicida, a fish pathogen, is the causative agent of furunculosis. It was already shown that growing this bacterium in stressful conditions such as temperature above 22°C might lead to virulence attenuation. Unfortunately, many veterinary microbiology services and reference centers still routinely cultivate A. salmonicida at 25°C. Here we(More)
Apoptosis signal-regulated kinase-1 (Ask1) lies upstream of a major redox-sensitive pathway leading to the activation of Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) and the induction of apoptosis. We found that cell exposure to H(2)O(2) caused the rapid oxidation of Ask1, leading to its multimerization through the formation of interchain disulfide bonds. Oxidized Ask1(More)
The heat shock protein HSP27 protects cells against a wide variety of toxic treatments and blocks apoptosis induced by exposures to anticancer drugs and activation of the death receptor Fas. The molecular mechanisms of protection are unknown but appear to be regulated by phosphorylation of HSP27. Two apoptotic pathways can be activated downstream of Fas.(More)
The study of free-living amoebae has proven valuable to explain the molecular mechanisms controlling phagocytosis, cell adhesion and motility. In this study, we identified a new adhesion molecule in Dictyostelium amoebae. The SibA (Similar to Integrin Beta) protein is a type I transmembrane protein, and its cytosolic, transmembrane and extracellular domains(More)
The amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum shares many traits with mammalian macrophages, in particular the ability to phagocytose and kill bacteria. In response, pathogenic bacteria use conserved mechanisms to fight amoebae and mammalian phagocytes. Here we developed an assay using Dictyostelium to monitor phagocyte-bacteria interactions. Genetic analysis(More)
Wnt signalling pathways have extremely diverse functions in animals, including induction of cell fates or tumours, guidance of cell movements during gastrulation, and the induction of cell polarity. Wnt can induce polar changes in cellular morphology by a remodelling of the cytoskeleton. However, how activation of the Frizzled receptor induces cytoskeleton(More)
Phg2 is a ser/thr kinase involved in adhesion, motility, actin cytoskeleton dynamics, and phagocytosis in Dictyostelium cells. In a search for Phg2 domains required for its localization to the plasma membrane, we identified a new domain interacting with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P(2)) and phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI(4)P)(More)