Steve Githens

Learn More
During antidiuresis, the rat kidney maintains a variable and steep osmotic gradient from the cortex (300 mOsm) to the inner medulla (at least 2,600 mOsm). Therefore, cells in the renal medulla must be able to adapt to a variably hyperosmotic environment. We have examined the ability of tissue fragments taken from various points on the cortical-medullary(More)
The only naturally occurring modified base in vertebrate DNA is 5-methylcytosine. Using a precise high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of DNA enzymatically digested to deoxynucleosides, we have shown that rats, mice and four types of monkey display tissue-specific as well as species-specific differences in the extent of methylation of their(More)
  • S Githens
  • 1988
The pancreatic duct cell, although a minor cell type of the pancreas, plays an important role in fluid/electrolyte and mucin secretion, and has been implicated in the development of pancreatic cancer, alcoholic pancreatitis, and cystic fibrosis. In the normal pancreas, the duct cell has the same low proliferative rate as acinar and endocrine cells. Under(More)
The thymidine analog, 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), inhibits the differentiation of the acinar cells of the embryonic rat pancreas, while having little effect on the growth of the tissue. The BrdU-treated pancreas contains elevated alkaline phosphatase and carbonic anhydrase activities, and, unlike the normal pancreas, contains numerous extracellular(More)
Most of the pancreatic exocrine epithelium consists of acinar and intralobular duct (ductular) cells, with the balance consisting of interlobular and main duct cells. Fragments of mouse acinar/ductular epithelium can be isolated by partial digestion with collagenase and purified by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation. We investigated whether previously(More)
The effect of the glucocorticoid analogue, dexamethasone, on the development of the embryonic pancreas was studied in tissue culture. It specifically enhances the accumulation of exocrine enzymes without altering the level of general cell proteins. The enhancement, however, is not symmetrical: the cellular levels of the two major exocrine products, amylase(More)
  • S Githens
  • 1991
The pancreas plays a major role, along with the kidney, liver, small intestine, and several other organs, in glutathione (GSH) metabolism, as evidenced by the large concentration of GSH in the pancreas, its rapid turnover rate, and the presence, at significant levels, of various enzymes involved in GSH metabolism. The pancreas appears to obtain much of the(More)
A conference entitled "The Pancreatic Duct Cell: Physiology and Pathophysiology" was held September 26-29, 1991, at the Engineering Society Club of Baltimore. The conference was organized by a committee consisting of John Williams of the University of Michigan (Co-Chair), Daniel Longnecker of Dartmouth Medical School (Co-Chair), Barry Agent of Newcastle(More)
A method was developed for the isolation and culture of rat pancreatic duct epithelium of predominantly interlobular duct origin. Purified duct epithelial fragments were cultured on a porous support (HATF filters, Millipore) at 37 degrees C in a 1:1 mixture of Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's and Ham's F-12 media supplemented with insulin, cholera toxin,(More)