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This analysis of the use of acute hospitals by older people identifies the extent of long stays by elderly patients and the eventual outcomes of these stays in terms of separations to residential care or the community. The effect of casemix on length of stay and differences associated with location of hospital are also discussed. Less than 0.5% of all acute(More)
This paper explores modified hospital casemix payment formulae that would refine the diagnosis-related group (DRG) system in Victoria, Australia, which already makes adjustments for teaching, severity and demographics. We estimate alternative casemix funding methods using multiple regressions for individual hospital episodes from 2001 to 2003 on 70(More)
BACKGROUND Casemix-based inpatient prospective payment systems allocate payments for acute care based on what is done within an episode of care without regard for the outcome. To date, they have provided little incentive to improve quality. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services have recently excluded 8 avoidable complications from their payment(More)
It was anticipated that the recent reforms to private health insurance arrangements would reduce the demand pressures on Australian public hospitals. However, this has not been demonstrated by trends in elective surgery waiting lists in Victorian public hospitals. Moreover, it appears that the increased caseload assumed by Victorian private hospitals since(More)
Retinoids elicit biological responses by activating a series of nuclear receptors. Six retinoid receptors belonging to two families are currently known: retinoic acid receptors (RAR alpha,beta,and gamma) and retinoid X receptors (RXR alpha,beta,and gamma). Stilbene retinoid analogs of retinoic acid (RA), such as(More)
A series of high affinity retinoic acid receptor (RAR) antagonists were prepared based upon the known antagonist AGN 193109 (2). Introduction of various phenyl groups revealed a preference for substitution at the para-position relative to the meta-site. Antagonists with the highest affinities for the RARs possessed hydrophobic groups, however, the presence(More)
BACKGROUND In undertaking a major revision to the Australian Refined Diagnosis Related Group (ARDRG) classification, we set out to contrast Australia's approach to using data on additional (not principal) diagnoses with major international approaches in splitting base or Adjacent Diagnosis Related Groups (ADRGs). METHODS Comparative policy(More)
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