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Our aim was to investigate the errors in a computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) method of unidirectional mandibular distraction osteogenesis. Six patients with hemifacial microsomia were selected, and studied on computed tomographic (CT) scans taken at 3 time intervals: preoperatively, at the end of the latent period, and at the end of(More)
Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is an increasingly utilized imaging modality for the diagnosis and treatment planning of the patients with craniomaxillofacial (CMF) deformities. CBCT scans have relatively low cost and low radiation dose in comparison to conventional spiral CT scans. However, a major limitation of CBCT scans is the widespread image(More)
Complex maxillofacial deformations continue to present challenges in analysis, planning and correction beyond modern technology. The purpose of this paper is to present a virtual reality environment for surgeons to perform virtual orthognathic surgical planning in three dimensions. A surgical planning system, " PC-based virtual reality surgical simulation f(More)
Emerging evidence suggests amniotic epithelial cells (AECs) as a promising source of progenitor cells in regenerative medicine and bone tissue engineering. However, investigations comparing the regenerative properties of AECs with other sources of stem cells are particularly needed before the feasibility of AECs in bone tissue engineering can be determined.(More)
Computed tomography (CT) depicts intricate bony details well, whereas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers excellent contrast to the anatomy of soft tissues. This technical report offers a method to merge the CT and MRI images using Photoshop software and yield hybrid images that combine the key features of both CT and MRI. In this hybrid image, the(More)
The role of fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) in bone formation may depend on gene dosage, developmental stage, cell type or interactions with other cytokines. In the present study bone marrow stromal stem cells (BMSCs) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were cultured and osteogenically induced in vitro, treated with exogenous FGF9 at varying(More)
We investigated the accuracy of point-based superimposition of a digital dental model on to a 3-dimensional computed tomographic (CT) skull with intact dentition. The physical model was scanned by CT to give a virtual skull model, and a plaster dental model was taken and laser-scanned to give a digital dental model. Three different background investigators(More)
In traditional virtual 3D orthognathic surgery, after repositioning the maxillary segment to the desired position, surgeons usually roughly rotate or adjust the mandibular segment to obtain a relatively good relationship with maxillary dentition to calculate the virtual terminal occlusion splint. However, surgeons are not easy to avoid penetrability,(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to explore the cause of type B condylar head fracture after parasymphyseal impact, and evaluate the biomechanics of osteosynthesis using two positional screws for the repair of this type of fractures. METHODS A finite element model of the mandible was created, and a parasymphyseal impact was simulated using Mimics 10.01(More)
The success of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) surgery depends not only on the surgical techniques, but also upon an accurate surgical planning. However, surgical planning for CMF surgery is challenging due to the absence of a patient-specific reference model. In this paper, we present a method to automatically estimate an anatomically correct reference shape of(More)