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Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-specific T cells mediate an autoimmune inflammatory response in the central nervous system (CNS) that differs radically from conventional models of T cell-mediated experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE). Using synthetic peptides an encephalitogenic T cell epitope of MOG for the Lewis rat was identified within(More)
Mg-ATP dependent electrogenic proton transport, monitored with fluorescent acridine orange, 9-aminoacridine, and oxonol V, was investigated in a fraction enriched with potassium transporting goblet cell apical membranes of Manduca sexta larval midgut. Proton transport and the ATPase activity from the goblet cell apical membrane exhibited similar substrate(More)
Experimental allergic neuritis (EAN) is a T cell mediated disease associated with inflammation and demyelination of peripheral nerves. EAN is an experimental model of Guillain-Barré syndrome. The peripheral nerve myelin components P2 and P0 represent major neuritogens, but the diversity and quantity of B cell responses in EAN are unknown. Lewis rats were(More)
Recent studies on autoimmune encephalomyelitis and neuritis reveal that many different antigens of the central (CNS) and peripheral nervous system may become targets of an encephalitogenic T-cell response. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of T-cell specificity on the pathology of autoimmune-mediated inflammation in the nervous system.(More)
Autoimmune responses to the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) are implicated in the immunopathogenesis of both multiple sclerosis (MS) and certain peripheral neuropathies. In this study we demonstrate that T cell responses to defined epitopes of MAG mediate a pathological inflammatory response in the nervous system of the Lewis rat. Peptide-specific T(More)
Abnormal immune responses to myelin associated glycoprotein (MAG), a component of myelin of the central and peripheral nervous system, have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and certain types of inflammatory polyneuropathy. To identify possible immunodominant MAG peptides in neuroinflammation, we examined T and B(More)
To characterize the role of B lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), we have isolated mononuclear cells from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and stimulated them with a polyclonal B-cell mitogen (pokeweed mitogen). This study has been done with MS patients selected for the occurrence of an acute attack in the course of the disease and with(More)
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