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For unknown reasons, activation of the maternal immune system in mice reduces morphologic defects caused by diverse teratogenic agents. Such immune stimulation of the maternal animal has been(More)
Activation of the maternal immune system in mice decreased cleft palate caused by the chemical teratogen, urethane. Direct and indirect mechanisms for this phenomenon have been suggested, including(More)
Maternal immune stimulation in mice decreases fetal abnormalities caused by diverse etiologies. Growth factors produced by activated immune cells were proposed to be key mediators that may exert(More)