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Journals and Conferences
Based on structural and functional properties, three groups of large staphylococcal multiresistance plasmids have been recognized, viz., the pSK1 family, pSK41-like conjugative plasmids, and beta-lactamase-heavy-metal resistance plasmids. Here we describe an analysis of the replication functions of a representative of each of these plasmid groups. The… (More)
A coryneform bacterium designated Microbacterium nematophilum has previously been reported to act as a pathogen for Caenorhabditis elegans. This bacterium is able to colonize the rectum of infected worms and cause localized swelling, constipation and slowed growth. Additional isolates and analysis of this bacterium are described here. Tests of pathogenicity… (More)
A plasmid known to be associated with mupirocin resistance of Staphylococcus aureus has been isolated and a restriction enzyme map constructed. An EcoRI fragment of 4.05 kb from this plasmid has been cloned into an Escherichia coli-Staphylococcus aureus shuttle vector and shown to carry the gene for resistance to mupirocin. The DNA sequence of a small… (More)
The proteolytic cleavage of BlaI was shown to correlate with beta-lactamase synthesis in Staphylococcus aureus. BlaI was found to be autoregulatory when expressed from the blaZ promoter. Insertion of a 10-bp linker into the SnaBI site of blaRI resulted in constitutive synthesis of beta-lactamase.
The nucleotide sequence of the ileS gene conferring high-level resistance to mupirocin in Staphylococcus aureus J2870 has been determined. The gene sequence is substantially different from that of the native ileS gene of S. aureus, indicating that high-level resistance to mupirocin results from the acquisition of a novel ileS gene.
Purified BlaI, the putative repressor of the beta-lactamase operon in Staphylococcus aureus, binds specifically to two regions of dyad symmetry (operators) located in the blaZ-blaR1 intergenic region. BlaI binds with similar affinity to the two regions and to the related sequence upstream of the mec gene found in methicillin-resistant strains of S. aureus,… (More)
A plasmid encoded beta-lactamase gene from Staphylococcus aureus (strain 3804) was cloned and sequenced. The nucleotide sequence is very similar to those obtained for other such beta-lactamase genes. The beta-lactamase has an N-terminal region characteristic of an exported protein and assay of activity shows that the enzyme is found extracellularly in S.… (More)
The naturally occurring plasmid pSTS7 from Staphylococcus epidermidis mediated resistance to tetracycline via a tetL gene and to kanamycin and neomycin via an aadD gene. Plasmid pSTS7 showed partial restriction map and sequence homology to the previously described tetracycline resistance plasmid pNS1981 from Bacillus subtilis and to the… (More)
The nucleotide sequence of a small (1273 bp) plasmid (pOX1000) of Staphylococcus aureus has been determined and compared with similar plasmids. The sequence includes a single open reading frame; two large palindromes and a 22 bp palindrome that is contiguously repeated three times upstream of the open reading frame. Composite plasmids of pE194ts and pOX1000… (More)