Steve Crawford

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OBJECTIVE To explore prevalence and patterns of suicidal attempts in persons with anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS Participants were the first 432 persons (22 male, 410 female) enrolled in the NIH funded Genetics of Anorexia Nervosa Collaborative Study. All participants had current or lifetime AN. The participants ranged in age from 16 to 76 (mean = 30.4,(More)
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is perhaps the most lethal mental disorder, in part due to starvation-related health problems, but especially because of high suicide rates. One potential reason for high suicide rates in AN may be that those affected face pain and provocation on many fronts, which may in turn reduce their fear of pain and thereby increase risk for(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined prevalence of substance use disorders (SUD) in women with: (1) anorexia nervosa (AN) restricting type (RAN); (2) AN with purging only (PAN); (3) AN with binge eating only (BAN); and (4) lifetime AN and bulimia nervosa (ANBN). Secondary analyses examined SUD related to lifetime purging behavior and lifetime binge eating. METHOD(More)
OBJECTIVE Vomiting is a pernicious symptom of eating disorders. We explored the relation between the symptom of vomiting and features of eating disorder course and severity, personality traits, and Axis I and II comorbidity in individuals with purging-type eating disorders. METHOD The sample included participants from the multisite, international Price(More)
OBJECTIVE Smoking has been reported as an appetite and weight control method in eating disorders; however, few studies have explored patterns of smoking across subtypes of eating disorders. The aim of this paper was to explore the patterns and prevalence of smoking behavior in 1,524 women from two of the multisite Price Foundation Genetic studies. METHOD(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical impact of child sex abuse on bulimic patients. Specifically, differences in treatment response and preliminary treatment outcome between hospitalized bulimic patients with and without a reported history of sexual abuse were examined. The patients were evaluated for past history of alleged sexual abuse by(More)
I exploit Moody’s 1982 credit rating refinement to examine the impact of more refined rating information on firms’ credit market access, financing decisions, and investment policies. Despite the partially predictable component of the refinement changes, I find that firms with rating refinement upgrades as a result of additional rating gradation experience a(More)
OBJECTIVES Comorbidity among eating disorders, traumatic events, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been reported in several studies. The main objectives of this study were to describe the nature of traumatic events experienced and to explore the relationship between PTSD and anorexia nervosa (AN) in a sample of women. METHODS Eight hundred(More)
We performed association studies with 5,151 SNPs that were judged as likely candidate genetic variations conferring susceptibility to anorexia nervosa (AN) based on location under reported linkage peaks, previous results in the literature (182 candidate genes), brain expression, biological plausibility, and estrogen responsivity. We employed a case-control(More)
OBJECTIVE Supported by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), this 12-site international collaboration seeks to identify genetic variants that affect risk for anorexia nervosa (AN). METHOD Four hundred families will be ascertained with two or more individuals affected with AN. The assessment battery produces a rich set of phenotypes comprising eating(More)