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Recent studies have identified a phenomenon in which ciliated protozoa engulf Salmonella and the intra-protozoal environment hyperactivates virulence gene expression and provides a venue for conjugal transfer of antibiotic resistance plasmids. The former observation is relegated to Salmonella bearing the SGI1 multiresistance integron while the latter(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is an important intestinal pathogen in swine. This study was performed to document the early cellular invasion of Salmonella serovar Typhimurium in swine ileum. Ileal gut-loops were surgically prepared in ten 4- to 5-week-old mixed-breed pigs and inoculated for 0-60 minutes. Loops were harvested and prepared for both(More)
Pathogenic Salmonella species initiate infection of a mammalian host by inducing their own uptake into intestinal M-cells. During the uptake process, the bacteria utilize an intrinsic secretion system to release proteins that enter host cells. The secreted invasion-mediating proteins subsequently interact with host cell components that induce alterations in(More)
Multiple-antibiotic-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium is a food-borne pathogen that may be more virulent than related strains lacking the multiresistance phenotype. Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium phage type DT104 is the most prevalent of these multiresistant/hypervirulent strains. Multiresistance in DT104 is conferred by an(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess antimicrobial resistance and transfer of virulence genes facilitated by subtherapeutic concentrations of antimicrobials in swine intestines. ANIMALS 20 anesthetized pigs experimentally inoculated with donor and recipient bacteria. PROCEDURES 4 recipient pathogenic bacteria (Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium, Yersinia(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess in pigs the pathogenicity and virulence of 3 strains of Salmonella spp capable of causing atypical salmonellosis in cattle. ANIMALS 36 Holstein calves and 72 pigs experimentally infected with Salmonella spp. PROCEDURES Representative Salmonella strains associated with 3 new disease phenotypes (protozoa-mediated hypervirulence,(More)
PCR was used to identify genes encoding aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes in 422 veterinary isolates of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium. The identities of extra-integron genes encoding resistance to streptomycin, gentamicin, kanamycin, and apramycin were evaluated. Gentamicin resistance was conferred by the aadB gene. Kanamycin resistance was(More)
Salmonella infections continue to cause gastrointestinal and systemic disease throughout the world. Salmonella typhimurium DT104 further poses a major health concern due to its acquisition of resistance to multiple antibiotics. The rapid detection of multiresistant S. typhimurium DT104 would facilitate strategies aimed at controlling this pathogen. We(More)
Schistosomes are parasitic helminths that infect humans through dermo-invasion while in contaminated water. Salmonella are also a common water-borne human pathogen that infects the gastrointestinal tract via the oral route. Both pathogens eventually enter the systemic circulation as part of their respective disease processes. Concurrent(More)
Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium phagetype DT104 (DT104) is a foodborne pathogen with a multiresistant phenotype conferred by a genomic-based integron structure designated as SGI1. Recently, a novel cytopathic phenotype was ascribed to several isolates of DT104 recovered from veal calves. This phenotype is dependent upon clg, a gene encoding a(More)