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BACKGROUND The social rank theory of psychopathology suggests that with the evolution of social hierarchies various psychobiological mechanisms became attuned to the success or failure in conflict situations. Specifically, subordinates and those who have lost status are at greater risk of pathology than winners and those of higher status. In this theory(More)
There is good evidence to suggest that depression is highly correlated with perceptions of low rank and subordinate status (i.e. feeling inferior, low-self esteem, feeling that others look down on the self, and submissive behaviour). However, it is possible for people to feel inferior and anxious, and behave submissively but not necessarily be depressed.(More)
This paper explores the various literatures concerned with shame and guilt. Lewis' (1987) model of shame is outlined. The phenomena she suggested to be part of shame (feelings of helplessness, anger at others, anger at self, self-consciousness and feelings of inferiority) were investigated as to their relationship with shame. Strong support for these(More)
Dependency associated with depression involves at least two forms of social behavior: (a) needs for nurturance/protection and close attachment, and an inability to function independently and (b) being (de)valued, fear of disapproval, and social status. In many studies, measures of dependency combine these two dimensions. This paper argues that this has led(More)
This study compares aspects of behaviour in two long-stay resident groups with residual psychiatric difficulties. One group was residing on traditional psychiatric hospital wards and the other group was based in a newly built bungalow complex set within the hospital grounds. This study compares behavioural profiles between these two resident groups. Results(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluate an Internet-facilitated cognitive-behavioral treatment intervention for depression, tailored to economically disadvantaged mothers of young children. METHOD Economically disadvantaged mothers (N = 266) of preschool aged children, who reported elevated levels of depressive symptoms, were randomized to either the 8-session,(More)
Separation and social anxiety have often been seen to relate to different social fears. This paper outlines a pilot study on a short separation and social anxiety scale in relationship to depression. Results suggest an acceptable factor structure and reliability. Both separation and social anxiety were found to be associated with depression and submissive(More)
Research on confidence judgements suggests that people are often overconfident. However, some studies have found that depressed mood reduces this positive bias. To date this has been explained as a mood phenomenon. In this study we explore an alternative theory which suggests that confidence is related to internal judgements of social rank and status. This(More)
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