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Angiogenesis depends on both cell adhesion and proteolytic mechanisms. In fact, matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and integrin alphavbeta3 are functionally associated on the surface of angiogenic blood vessels. A fragment of MMP-2, which comprises the C-terminal hemopexin-like domain, termed PEX, prevents this enzyme binding to alphavbeta3 and blocks cell(More)
Tumor autocrine motility factor (AMF) has been detected in and purified from serum-free conditioned medium of human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells. Under nonreducing conditions, AMF migrates in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis as a single band of 55 kDa but under reducing conditions as a band of 64 kDa. Two-dimensional polyacrylamide(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) can associate with integrin alpha(v)beta3 on the surface of endothelial cells, thereby promoting vascular invasion. Here, we describe an organic molecule (TSRI265) selected for its ability to bind to integrin alphav(v)beta3 and block alpha(v)beta3 interaction with MMP2. Although disrupting alpha(v)beta3/MMP2 complex(More)
The binding of autocrine motility factor (AMF) to its cell surface receptor, gp78, stimulates tumor cell motility. In this report, we provide evidence that stimulation of gp78 by either AMF or a monoclonal antibody to gp78 (3F3A) increases adhesion and spreading of metastatic murine melanoma (B16a) cells on fibronectin. This gp78-regulated increase is(More)
L1 is a neural recognition molecule that promotes neural developmental and regenerative processes. Posttranslational cleavage of L1 is believed to be important for regulating its function in vivo, but little is known of the proteolytic systems responsible. In this study we present evidence that plasmin can regulate both L1 expression and function. The(More)
Tumor autocrine motility factor (AMF) is a cytokine which stimulates both random and directed cell migration by self-producing cells. AMF has been detected in and purified from serum-free conditioned medium of murine B16-F1 melanoma cells. Under nonreducing conditions AMF migrates in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis as a single band(More)
L1 is a multidomain transmembrane neural recognition molecule essential for neurohistogenesis. While moieties in the immunoglobulin-like domains of L1 have been implicated in both heterophilic and homophilic binding, the function of the fibronectin (FN)-like repeats remains largely unresolved. Here, we demonstrate that the third FN-like repeat of L1 (FN3)(More)
Autocrine motility factor (AMF) is a 55 kDa cytokine which is produced and secreted by cancer cells and which regulates cell motility via binding to its receptor, a 78 kDa cell surface glycoprotein (gp78-AMFR), and activating a pertussis toxin (PT)-sensitive G-protein. AMF purified from HT-1080 human fibrosarcoma cells stimulates the growth and motility of(More)
Netrins, axon guidance cues in the CNS, have also been detected in epithelial tissues. In this study, using the embryonic pancreas as a model system, we show that Netrin-1 is expressed in a discrete population of epithelial cells, localizes to basal membranes, and specifically associates with elements of the extracellular matrix. We demonstrate that(More)
A carcinoembryonic Ag (CEA)-based DNA vaccine encoding both CEA and CD40 ligand trimer achieved effective tumor-protective immunity against murine colon carcinoma in CEA-transgenic mice by activating both naive T cells and dendritic cells. Peripheral T cell tolerance to CEA was broken in a prophylactic model by this novel, dual-function DNA vaccine, whose(More)