Steve A Raphael

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether HLA and autoimmunity contribute to the pathogenesis of Blau syndrome (familial granulomatous arthritis, uveitis, and rash) and evaluate whether this condition is related to sarcoidosis. DESIGN Large family survey. SETTING General community, Green Bay, Wis, and two tertiary care medical centers in Philadelphia, Pa. (More)
This paper puts forth an explanation of the recent escalation of violent crime in Colombia. The paper considers three implicit models that isolate different types of externalities among criminals. In the first model criminals make crime more appealing to nearby residents by congesting the law enforcement system and hence lowering the probability of(More)
Over the past thirty years, many states have abolished parole boards, which traditionally have had the discretion to release inmates before the expiration of their full sentence, in favor of fixed-sentence regimes in which the original sentence is binding. However, if prison time lowers recidivism risk and if parole boards can accurately estimate inmates’(More)
Although common in tropical regions, pyomyositis is rare in the continental United States. Fewer than 50 cases have been reported to date. It is characterized by suppuration of large muscle groups that can, if not quickly and appropriately treated, lead to sepsis and death. Diagnosis can be difficult secondary to the atypical appearance of the abscess(More)
Blau syndrome is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by arthritis, uveitis, skin rash, granuloma, and camptodactyly. It has overlapping symptoms with sarcoidosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Our study was directed toward determining the role of cytokines in granuloma formation in Blau syndrome. Antigenic stimulation usually follows two pathways: Th-1,(More)