Stevan Rakovic

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In cardiac muscle the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) plays a key role in the control of contraction, releasing Ca(2+) in response to Ca(2+) influx across the sarcolemma via voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels. Here we report evidence for an additional distinct Ca(2+) store and for actions of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) to mobilize Ca(2+)(More)
A neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) has recently been located to the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Subcellular localization of a constitutive NOS in the proximity of an activating source of Ca2+ suggests that cardiac nNOS-derived NO may regulate contraction by exerting a highly specific and localized action on ion channels/transporters(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) has been shown to act as a potent cytosolic mediator in a variety of tissues, regulating the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores by a mechanism that involves ryanodine receptors. There is controversy over the effects of cADPR in cardiac muscle, although one possibility is that endogenous cADPR increases the Ca2+(More)
Oscillations of Ca2+ in heart cells are a major underlying cause of important cardiac arrhythmias, and it is known that Ca2+-induced release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores (the sarcoplasmic reticulum) is fundamental to the generation of such oscillations. There is now evidence that cADP-ribose may be an endogenous regulator of the Ca2+ release channel of(More)
Phosphorylation of ion channels plays an important role in the regulation of cardiac function, but signaling mechanisms controlling dephosphorylation are not well understood. We have tested the hypothesis that p(21)-activated kinase-1 (Pak1), a serine-threonine protein kinase regulated by Ras-related small G proteins, regulates sinoatrial node (SAN) ion(More)
Na+-Ca2+ exchange (NCX) current has been suggested to play a role in cardiac pacemaking, particularly in association with Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) that occurs just before the action potential upstroke. The present experiments explore in more detail the contribution of NCX to pacemaking. Na+-Ca2+ exchange current was inhibited by(More)
The actions of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a regulator of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR), were investigated on Ca2+ release and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ loading in cardiac myocytes at physiological temperature. In guinea-pig ventricular cells, cADPR, applied via patch pipette or from photorelease of its caged derivative, increased contraction(More)
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