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Phosphorylation of ion channels plays an important role in the regulation of cardiac function, but signaling mechanisms controlling dephosphorylation are not well understood. We have tested the hypothesis that p(21)-activated kinase-1 (Pak1), a serine-threonine protein kinase regulated by Ras-related small G proteins, regulates sinoatrial node (SAN) ion(More)
In cardiac muscle the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) plays a key role in the control of contraction, releasing Ca(2+) in response to Ca(2+) influx across the sarcolemma via voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels. Here we report evidence for an additional distinct Ca(2+) store and for actions of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) to mobilize Ca(2+)(More)
Na+-Ca2+ exchange (NCX) current has been suggested to play a role in cardiac pacemaking, particularly in association with Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) that occurs just before the action potential upstroke. The present experiments explore in more detail the contribution of NCX to pacemaking. Na+-Ca2+ exchange current was inhibited by(More)
A neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) has recently been located to the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Subcellular localization of a constitutive NOS in the proximity of an activating source of Ca2+ suggests that cardiac nNOS-derived NO may regulate contraction by exerting a highly specific and localized action on ion channels/transporters(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) has been shown to act as a potent cytosolic mediator in a variety of tissues, regulating the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores by a mechanism that involves ryanodine receptors. There is controversy over the effects of cADPR in cardiac muscle, although one possibility is that endogenous cADPR increases the Ca2+(More)
Oscillations of Ca2+ in heart cells are a major underlying cause of important cardiac arrhythmias, and it is known that Ca2+-induced release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores (the sarcoplasmic reticulum) is fundamental to the generation of such oscillations. There is now evidence that cADP-ribose may be an endogenous regulator of the Ca2+ release channel of(More)
The actions of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a regulator of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR), were investigated on Ca2+ release and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ loading in cardiac myocytes at physiological temperature. In guinea-pig ventricular cells, cADPR, applied via patch pipette or from photorelease of its caged derivative, increased contraction(More)
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