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A nanopore-based device provides single-molecule detection and analytical capabilities that are achieved by electrophoretically driving molecules in solution through a nano-scale pore. The nanopore provides a highly confined space within which single nucleic acid polymers can be analyzed at high throughput by one of a variety of means, and the perfect(More)
Extremely halophilic archaea contain retinal-binding integral membrane proteins called bacteriorhodopsins that function as light-driven proton pumps. So far, bacteriorhodopsins capable of generating a chemiosmotic membrane potential in response to light have been demonstrated only in halophilic archaea. We describe here a type of rhodopsin derived from(More)
Transcriptional profiling via microarrays holds great promise for toxicant classification and hazard prediction. Unfortunately, the use of different microarray platforms, protocols, and informatics often hinders the meaningful comparison of transcriptional profiling data across laboratories. One solution to this problem is to provide a low-cost and(More)
We have developed an approach to classify toxicants based upon their influence on profiles of mRNA transcripts. Changes in liver gene expression were examined after exposure of mice to 24 model treatments that fall into five well-studied toxicological categories: peroxisome proliferators, aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists, noncoplanar polychlorinated(More)
DNA sequencing-by-synthesis (SBS) technology, using a polymerase or ligase enzyme as its core biochemistry, has already been incorporated in several second-generation DNA sequencing systems with significant performance. Notwithstanding the substantial success of these SBS platforms, challenges continue to limit the ability to reduce the cost of sequencing a(More)
Traditional models of toxicity have relied on dissecting chemical action into pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes. However, the integration of genomic information with toxicology will enhance our basic understanding of these processes and significantly change the way we apply toxicological information to risk assessment and regulatory problems. In(More)
Four pseudorevertants of a -10 region lacP mutation were isolated. Three of these mutations were found to activate nascent promoters. These mutations were: a -2 G/C----A/T change (-2A) promoting transcription at position +11, a +1 A/T----T/A change (+1T) promoting transcription initiation at position +13, and a +10 C/G----A/T change (+10A) promoting(More)
Foodborne illness presents a public health challenge in USA. There is an urgent need for the federal government and food industries to expand efforts to prevent any food contamination that potentially could be harmful to human health. The Food Safety Laboratory (FSL), ARS, USDA, is one of the leading laboratories for the development of optoelec-tronic(More)
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