Sterling B. Ortega

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Repetitive hypoxic preconditioning (RHP) creates an anti-inflammatory phenotype that protects from stroke-induced injury for months after a 2-week treatment. The mechanisms underlying long-term tolerance are unknown, though one exposure to hypoxia significantly increased peripheral B cell representation. For this study, we sought to determine if RHP(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a well-established murine model of multiple sclerosis, an immune-mediated demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). We have previously shown that CNS-specific CD8+ T cells (CNS-CD8+) ameliorate EAE, at least in part through modulation of CNS-specific CD4+ T cell responses. In this study,(More)
We have demonstrated that GA therapy induces a differential upregulation of GA-specific, cytotoxic/suppressor CD8+ T-cell responses in MS patients. We utilized a novel combination of flow sorting and anchored PCR to analyze the evolving clonal composition of GA-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells. TCRbeta chain analysis revealed the development of an oligoclonal(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the antigenic determinants and specific molecular requirements for the generation of autoregulatory neuroantigen-specific CD8(+) T cells in models of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS We have previously shown that MOG35-55-specific CD8(+) T cells suppress experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in the C57BL/6 model. In this(More)
pCH is an important risk factor for brain injury and long-term morbidity in children, occurring during the developmental stages of neurogenesis, neuronal migration, and myelination. We show that a rodent model of pCH results in an early decrease in mature myelin. Although pCH does increase progenitor oligodendrocytes in the developing brain, BrdU labeling(More)
It is well established that post-stroke inflammation contributes to neurovascular injury, blood–brain barrier disruption, and poor functional recovery in both animal and clinical studies. However, recent studies also suggest that several leukocyte subsets, activated during the post-stroke immune response, can exhibit both pro-injury and pro-recovery(More)
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) show a high prevalence of myelin-reactive CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell responses, which are the putative effectors/modulators of CNS neuropathology. Utilizing a novel combination of short-term culture, CFSE-based sorting and anchored PCR, we evaluated clonal compositions of neuroantigen-targeting T-cells from RRMS patients and(More)
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