Stephenie A. Harrison

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Visual working memory provides an essential link between perception and higher cognitive functions, allowing for the active maintenance of information about stimuli no longer in view. Research suggests that sustained activity in higher-order prefrontal, parietal, inferotemporal and lateral occipital areas supports visual maintenance, and may account for the(More)
In humans, the primary visual cortex (V1) is essential for conscious vision. However, even without V1 and in the absence of awareness, some preserved ability to accurately respond to visual inputs has been demonstrated, a phenomenon referred to as blindsight. We used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to deactivate V1, producing transient blindness for(More)
Our ability to multitask is severely limited: task performance deteriorates when we attempt to undertake two or more tasks simultaneously. Remarkably, extensive training can greatly reduce such multitasking costs. While it is not known how training alters the brain to solve the multitasking problem, it likely involves the prefrontal cortex given this brain(More)
The first 2 experiments examined the ability of monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) to learn a series of visuomotor conditional discrimination problems for food reward. In each discrimination problem there were 2 visual stimuli, which were different from those in any previous discrimination problem. Each trial within a problem presented either one visual stimulus(More)
In each of three experiments with Cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis), there was a group of normal control animals, a group with bilateral cortical ablations in the principal sulcus, and a group with fornix transection. In Expt. 1, half of each group learned problems in which the position of a pair of visual stimuli, to the monkey's left or right,(More)
Five experiments examined the effects of fornix transection upon some spatial and visual learning tasks in monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). For each trial of each task, the monkey was brought to a test tray and allowed to choose between 2 objects on the tray. In different tasks, different cues were provided by the experimenter to guide the monkey's choices.(More)
Nine monkeys in 3 groups took part in an experiment on visual discrimination learning set in an automatic apparatus. Each new visual discrimination problem was solved using auditory secondary reinforcers. Primary food reinforcement was delivered only after a new problem had been solved to a criterion, and the problem was then replaced by a new one; thus,(More)