Stephen William Edge

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An atomic force microscope (AFM) colloid probe technique has been used to investigate the effect of relative humidity (RH) on the adhesion properties of pharmaceutical powder surfaces. The adhesion between a model substrate, alpha-lactose monohydrate, and model particulate drugs, salbutamol sulphate and budesonide, was investigated between RHs of 15 and(More)
The surface of lactose monohydrate was modified by solution phase variable temperature dissolution. Lactose monohydrate crystals were added to a known volume of a saturated solution of lactose monohydrate at 25 degrees C. The temperature of the mixture was then ramped to either 30, 35, 40, or 50 degrees C to produce lactose monohydrate batches with reduced(More)
The relationships between the physicochemical properties and functionality in dry powder inhaler (DPI) performance was investigated for inhalation grade anhydrous lactose and compared to monohydrate grades. The excipients were characterised using a range of techniques including particle size analysis, moisture sorption and powder rheometry. The inhalation(More)
The mechanical properties of compacts of unlubricated microcrystalline cellulose and silicified microcrystalline cellulose were evaluated using the diametric tensile test. The results suggested that, under comparable testing conditions, compacts of silicified microcrystalline cellulose exhibited greater strength than those of microcrystalline cellulose. In(More)
The adsorption of a model amine drug (tacrine hydrochloride) from aqueous solution onto 21 microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) based samples has been investigated. The MCC source (manufacturer) affected adsorption. The adsorption appeared to be fully reversible. Adsorption was reduced by the use of high-density grade MCC, high-energy milling, and(More)
The relationship between drug/lactose ratio and aerosolisation performance of conventional carrier based formulations was investigated using the twin stage impinger. A dose range of approximately 10-450 microg of drug in a 50 mg lactose carrier formulation was studied. Statistical differences in both the fine particle dose and fine particle fraction were(More)
The influence of processing on the performance of carrier material used in dry powder inhalers was investigated. alpha-Lactose monohydrate crystals were processed by ball milling for cumulative time durations and their properties evaluated. As expected, milling reduced the median particle diameter while increasing fine particulate (<10 microm) and amorphous(More)
Drug particulate interactions in pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDI) may lead to a decrease in aerosolization efficiency and subsequent efficacy in patient treatment. The interactions between salbutamol sulfate (commonly used in Ventolin pMDIs) and a series of pMDI canister materials were investigated using the atomic force microscope (AFM) colloid(More)
The adhesion of micronised salbutamol sulphate to two carrier excipients, lactose monohydrate and erythritol, was investigated using the atomic force microscope (AFM) colloid probe technique and correlated with their respective physico-mechanical properties and aerosolisation performance. The particle size, morphology and moisture sorption properties of the(More)
The internal and surface chemical compositions of three sodium starch glycolate (SSG) products, Explotab, Primojel and Vivastar P were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) and 23Na nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). The surfaces of(More)