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Huntington's disease (HD) is one of an increasing number of neurodegenerative disorders caused by a CAG/polyglutamine repeat expansion. Mice have been generated that are transgenic for the 5' end of the human HD gene carrying (CAG)115-(CAG)150 repeat expansions. In three lines, the transgene is ubiquitously expressed at both mRNA and protein level.(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is one of an increasing number of human neurodegenerative disorders caused by a CAG/polyglutamine-repeat expansion. The mutation occurs in a gene of unknown function that is expressed in a wide range of tissues. The molecular mechanism responsible for the delayed onset, selective pattern of neuropathology, and cell death observed(More)
The mechanism by which an elongated polyglutamine sequence causes neurodegeneration in Huntington's disease (HD) is unknown. In this study, we show that the proteolytic cleavage of a GST-huntingtin fusion protein leads to the formation of insoluble high molecular weight protein aggregates only when the polyglutamine expansion is in the pathogenic range.(More)
The faithful recovery of the base sequence in automatic DeoxyriboNucleic Acid (DNA) sequencing fundamentally depends on the underlying statistics of the DNA electrophoresis time series. Current DNA sequencing algorithms are heuristic in nature and modest in their use of statistical information. In this paper, a formal statistical model of the DNA time(More)
BACKGROUND Upregulation of Th1 associated intrahepatic cytokines in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection should lead to a significant non-specific cellular immune response, a prerequisite for viral clearance. However, to date, the role of this non-specific response in HCV has been understudied. AIMS To analyse the intrahepatic macrophage activity in(More)
OBJECTIVES The natural history of limbs affected by ischemic ulceration is poorly understood. In this report, we describe the outcome of limbs with stable chronic leg ulcers and arterial insufficiency that were treated with wound-healing techniques in patients who were not candidates for revascularization. METHODS A prospectively maintained database of(More)
Laparotomy has been the favored approach regarding surgical management of small bowel obstruction (SBO); however, laparoscopy may offer improved outcomes. Patients undergoing laparoscopic lysis of adhesions (LOA) at our institution for SBO will have lower postoperative morbidity and 30-day mortality. Patients undergoing LOA at our institution, from 2000 to(More)
Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair reportedly yields lower postoperative complications than open repair. We hypothesized that patients undergoing laparoscopic repair would have lower postoperative infectious outcomes. Also, certain preoperative patient characteristics and preoperative hernia characteristics are hypothesized to increase complication risk in(More)
A genetic circuit amplifier is designed using an electronic inverting amplifier as a starting point. Two simulation methods are used to analyze circuit performance in terms of the impulse and sinusoidal responses of electrical engineering. The first method is an exact stochastic simulation based on a kinetic model of the circuit. The second method(More)