Stephen Westaby

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Cardiac operations with cardiopulmonary bypass cause a systemic inflammatory response, which can lead to organ injury and postoperative morbidity. Causative factors include surgical trauma, contact of blood with the extracorporeal circuit, and lung reperfusion injury on discontinuing bypass. Advances in immunological techniques have allowed measurement of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to compare contemporary surgical revascularization (coronary artery bypass graft surgery [CABG]) versus TAXUS Express (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts) paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with left main and/or 3-vessel disease. BACKGROUND Although the prevalence of diabetes(More)
We investigated the degree and time course of neutrophil sequestration into human lungs during cardiac operations. At the same time, measurement of the concentration of peroxidation products in the plasma was used as an index of oxidant free radical activity. The study was performed in two groups of patients. Group A (n = 11) had studies extending over the(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke after cardiac surgery is a clinical problem with often fatal or disabling outcome. To assess severity and probable outcome in affected patients only from clinical and radiological examinations is difficult. The glial-derived protein S100B has been suggested to be a marker of cerebral ischemia, and increased blood concentrations of S100B(More)
BACKGROUND A wide spectrum of operative techniques are applied in acute type A dissection. Most convey hospital mortality between 10% and 20%. In this high-risk setting, we believe that a conservative approach to the aortic root and the complete resection of the primary tear are important. We reviewed the results of this policy from our aortic surgery(More)
BACKGROUND We have been investigating continuous-flow circulatory support devices for 20 years. Unlike pulsatile assist devices, continuous-flow pumps have a simplified pumping mechanism and they do not require compliance chambers or valves. In the 1980s, clinical experience with the Hemopump proved a high-speed, intravascular, continuous-flow pump could(More)
Cerebral injury is a major cause of mortality and morbidity of coronary artery bypass grafting. Stroke occurs in 3% of patients and is largely caused by embolization of atheromatous debris during manipulation of the diseased aorta. Cognitive impairment, which is predominantly caused by microembolization of gaseous and particulate matter, mainly generated by(More)
Diaphragm paralysis has been reported radiologically after cardiac surgery with an incidence ranging from 30% to 75% of patients. We studied 100 consecutive patients undergoing open heart operations, half of whom received ice/slush topical hypothermia (group 1) and half of whom did not (group 2). Chest radiology and diaphragm screening were performed at 1(More)