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Studies of gene expression related to aging of skeletal muscle have included few subjects or a limited number of genes. We conducted the present study to produce more comprehensive gene expression profiles. RNA was extracted from vastus lateralis biopsies obtained from healthy young (21-27 yr old, n = 8) and older men (67-75 yr old, n = 8) and was analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is caused by deletions within a tandem array of D4Z4 repeats on chromosome 4q35. In addition to muscle degeneration, most patients with FSHD develop abnormalities of the retinal vasculature. Previous work has suggested that muscle degeneration in FSHD results from increased expression of genes(More)
Gene expression profiling may provide leads for investigations of the molecular basis of functional declines associated with aging. In this study, high-density oligonucleotide arrays were used to probe the patterns of gene expression in skeletal muscle of seven young women (20-29 years old) and eight healthy older women (65-71 years old). The older subjects(More)
Myotonic dystrophy is caused by an expanded CTG repeat in the 3' untranslated region of the DM protein kinase (DMPK) gene. The expanded repeat triggers the nuclear retention of mutant DMPK transcripts, but the resulting underexpression of DMPK probably does not fully account for the severe phenotype. One proposed disease mechanism is that nuclear(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that increasing the protein content of isocaloric meals increases the rate of myofibrillar synthesis in muscle of healthy subjects over 60 yr old and enhances the stimulation of myofibrillar synthesis induced by resistance exercise. Myofibrillar synthesis of sedentary and exercised quadriceps muscle was determined by(More)
There is sexual dimorphism of skeletal muscle, the most obvious feature being the larger muscle mass of men. The molecular basis for this difference has not been clearly defined. To identify genes that might contribute to the relatively greater muscularity of men, we compared skeletal muscle gene expression profiles of 15 normal men and 15 normal women by(More)
Low endogenous testosterone production, known as hypogonadism is commonly associated with conditions inducing muscle wasting. Akt signaling can control skeletal muscle mass through mTOR regulation of protein synthesis and FoxO regulation of protein degradation, and this pathway has been previously identified as a target of androgen signaling. However, the(More)
Leucine has been reported to be an important regulator of protein metabolism. We investigated the effect of intravenous infusion of L-leucine versus saline on amino acid metabolism in eight healthy human subjects. Plasma concentrations of amino acids were measured and protein turnover was estimated using L-(1-13C)lysine and L-(3,3,3,-2H3)leucine as tracers.(More)
There is much interest in developing anti-myostatin agents to reverse or prevent muscle atrophy in adults, so it is important to characterize the effects of reducing myostatin activity after normal muscle development. For assessment of the effect of loss of myostatin signaling on gene expression in muscle, RNA from mice with postdevelopmental myostatin(More)
Ragged red fibers are an important marker for mitochondrial disease. To evaluate the hypothesis that mitochondrial dysfunction may play a role in the pathogenesis of aging and inclusion body myositis, we studied the frequency of ragged red fibers in muscle biopsy specimens from 15 young and 13 old normal adults, and from 27 patients with inclusion body(More)