Stephen Weinstein

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In an attempt to understand the reasons behind the high prevalence of tobacco smoking in patients with schizophrenia, the study examined whether specific symptoms of schizophrenia were associated with smoking. Standardized assessments of nicotine dependence (Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence) and psychopathology (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale)(More)
We investigated whether measures of impulsivity, aggression and sensation seeking differed between cocaine-dependent subjects and controls, and whether these measures were related to treatment-outcome for cocaine patients. Pre-treatment assessments of impulsivity (Barratt Impulsivity Scale [BIS]), aggression (Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory [BDHI]) and(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that serotonergic mechanisms, particularly the serotonin transporter (5HTT), may mediate central effects of cocaine and may also be involved in impulsive and aggressive behavior. We investigated whether polymorphisms in the 5HTT gene were related to traits of impulsivity, sensation seeking, and aggression among cocaine(More)
In this paper, the author's long history with somatosensation is overviewed with special emphasis on the creation of objective tests of sensibility. Objective testing is discussed using numerous examples from the author's experiences. The creation of the Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments is discussed. Tests employing the Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments,(More)
Gender differences have been shown to be related to the course of cocaine dependence and treatment. While previous research has shown cue exposure procedures to be somewhat effective at reducing reactivity of substance dependent individuals to drug related stimuli, the few studies that have examined gender differences in craving and cue-reactivity have(More)
Genetic research of cocaine abuse has been relatively limited among the African-American population. Since the serotonin transporter (5HTT) may be involved in modulating effects of cocaine, we investigated whether allelic variants of the 5HTT gene may confer susceptibility to cocaine dependence among African-American individuals. One hundred and fifty-six(More)
Low personal control and a sense of meaninglessness of life, attributes associated with a pattern of human learned helplessness, have also been described as contributing to the onset of adolescent drug use, as well as the maintenance of chronic substance abuse. However, despite its intuitive appeal as an etiologic factor, the absence of psychometrically(More)
Many substance abusers present with elevated scores on self-report measures of psychopathological symptoms. We decided to examine this in a sample of 194 crack cocaine abusers. Results indicated that these individuals reported significantly greater psychopathological distress than manual-provided norms, and that this distress was not related to recency of(More)
Although seasonal fluctuations in several indices of serotonin function have been described, little is known about seasonality and serotonergic activity in substance abusers. We investigated whether there were seasonal differences in platelet serotonin transporter sites among cocaine dependent patients and controls. Platelet [(3)H]paroxetine binding, a(More)
1. Experiments using intracellular recording, stimulation, and microionophoretic techniques were performed on extensor digitorum longus nerve-muscle preparations excised from mice having hereditary 'motor end-plate disease'. Control experiments were performed on normal innervated and chronically denervated nerve-muscle preparations. 2. Two physiologically(More)