Stephen Wedgwood

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Similar to infants born with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), there is an increase in circulating endothelin-1 (ET-1) and decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene expression in an ovine model of PPHN. These abnormalities lead to vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling. Our previous studies have demonstrated that(More)
Ligation of the ductus arteriosus in utero produces pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling in fetal and newborn lambs. However, the mechanisms producing these vascular changes are not well defined. Because reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated as mediators of smooth muscle cell proliferation, we hypothesized that increased formation of(More)
In the pulmonary vasculature, phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) degrades cGMP and inhibits nitric oxide-mediated, cGMP-dependent vasorelaxation. We previously reported that ventilation with 100% O2 increased PDE5 activity in pulmonary arteries (PAs) of pulmonary hypertension lambs (PPHN) more than in control lambs. In the present study, PA smooth muscle cells(More)
In the pulmonary vasculature, mechanical forces such as cyclic stretch induce changes in vascular signaling, tone and remodeling. Nitric oxide is a potent regulator of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), which drives cGMP production, causing vasorelaxation. Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) express inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and while(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide and hydrogen peroxide are known to play an important role in the proliferation and viability of vascular smooth muscle cells. In this study, we determined the effects of increased superoxide dismutase and catalase activity on fetal pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell (FPASMC) proliferation and viability(More)
This study was designed to determine whether cyclic stretch induces a persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) phenotype of increased NADPH oxidase (Nox) 4 signaling in control pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC), and to identify the signal transduction molecules involved. To achieve this, PPHN was induced in lambs by antenatal(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NFκB) activity are increased in a lamb model of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). These events can trigger hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) signaling in response to hypoxia, which has been shown to contribute(More)
In this study, we explore the roles of the delta isoform of PKC (PKCdelta) in the regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity in pulmonary arterial endothelial cells isolated from fetal lambs (FPAECs). Pharmacological inhibition of PKCdelta with either rottlerin or with the peptide, deltaV1-1, acutely attenuated NO production, and this(More)
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