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Recently, we have shown that macrophage uptake of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and cholesterol accumulation can occur by nonreceptor mediated fluid-phase macropinocytosis when macrophages are differentiated from human monocytes in human serum and the macrophages are activated by stimulation of protein kinase C (Kruth, H. S., Jones, N. L., Huang, W., Zhao,(More)
Research suggests that monocytes differentiate into unique lineage-determined macrophage subpopulations in response to the local cytokine environment. The present study evaluated the atherogenic potential of two divergent lineage-determined human monocyte-derived macrophage subpopulations. Monocytes were differentiated for 7 days in the presence of(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study sought to evaluate the clinical utility of pro-B-type natriuretic peptides (proBNP) in patients admitted with acute decompensated heart failure. BACKGROUND Plasma natriuretic peptides (BNP(1-)(32), N-terminal [NT]-proBNP(1-76)) have been demonstrated to assist in the diagnosis of patients with heart failure. However, the(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion of the intestine produces a set of inflammatory mediators, the origin of which has recently been shown to involve pancreatic digestive enzymes. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) participates in a variety of inflammatory processes including myocardial, hepatic, and pancreatic ischemia-reperfusion. In the present study, we explore the(More)
Shock is associated with a dramatic rise in the level of inflammatory mediators found in plasma. The exact source of these mediators has remained uncertain. We recently examined a previously undescribed mechanism for production of inflammatory mediators in shock involving pancreatic digestive enzymes. The current in vitro study was designed to identify(More)
BACKGROUND Decisions to proceed with surgical versus percutaneous revascularization for multivessel coronary artery disease are often based on subtle clinical information that may not be captured in contemporary registries. The present study sought to evaluate the association between surgical ineligibility documented in the medical record and long-term(More)
BACKGROUND With adoption of telemedicine, physicians are increasingly asked to diagnose ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs) based on electrocardiograms (ECGs) with minimal associated clinical information. We sought to determine physicians' diagnostic agreement and accuracy when interpreting potential STEMI ECGs. METHODS AND RESULTS A(More)
AIMS Limited data exist on long-term outcomes of patients with stent thrombosis (ST). Our aim was to describe the long-term outcomes after angiographically confirmed ST. METHODS AND RESULTS In this multicentre registry, consecutive cases of definite ST were identified between 2005 and 2013. Clinical and procedural characteristics, in-hospital outcomes and(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-activated transcription factors involved in the control of lipid metabolism and inflammation. Several studies have recently shown that LXRs promote reverse cholesterol transport and inhibit atherosclerosis. Our study investigated whether LXRs affect macrophage uptake of LDL by human monocyte-derived macrophages. We have(More)
BACKGROUND A posterior myocardial infarction (PMI) is associated with significant morbidity and delays in recognition may prevent the timely revascularization of these patients. The present study sought to evaluate the reperfusion times and in-hospital outcomes among patients with an isolated PMI. METHODS Clinical characteristics and reperfusion times(More)