Stephen W Waldo

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Research suggests that monocytes differentiate into unique lineage-determined macrophage subpopulations in response to the local cytokine environment. The present study evaluated the atherogenic potential of two divergent lineage-determined human monocyte-derived macrophage subpopulations. Monocytes were differentiated for 7 days in the presence of(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion of the intestine produces a set of inflammatory mediators, the origin of which has recently been shown to involve pancreatic digestive enzymes. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) participates in a variety of inflammatory processes including myocardial, hepatic, and pancreatic ischemia-reperfusion. In the present study, we explore the(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study sought to evaluate the clinical utility of pro-B-type natriuretic peptides (proBNP) in patients admitted with acute decompensated heart failure. BACKGROUND Plasma natriuretic peptides (BNP(1-)(32), N-terminal [NT]-proBNP(1-76)) have been demonstrated to assist in the diagnosis of patients with heart failure. However, the(More)
Recently, we have shown that macrophage uptake of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and cholesterol accumulation can occur by nonreceptor mediated fluid-phase macropinocytosis when macrophages are differentiated from human monocytes in human serum and the macrophages are activated by stimulation of protein kinase C (Kruth, H. S., Jones, N. L., Huang, W., Zhao,(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-activated transcription factors involved in the control of lipid metabolism and inflammation. Several studies have recently shown that LXRs promote reverse cholesterol transport and inhibit atherosclerosis. Our study investigated whether LXRs affect macrophage uptake of LDL by human monocyte-derived macrophages. We have(More)
Shock is associated with a dramatic rise in the level of inflammatory mediators found in plasma. The exact source of these mediators has remained uncertain. We recently examined a previously undescribed mechanism for production of inflammatory mediators in shock involving pancreatic digestive enzymes. The current in vitro study was designed to identify(More)
BACKGROUND Public reporting of procedural outcomes may create disincentives to provide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for critically ill patients. OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the association between public reporting with procedural management and outcomes among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS Using the Nationwide(More)
Prompt percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with improved survival in patients presenting with cardiac arrest. Few studies, however, have focused on patients with cardiac arrest not selected for coronary angiography. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with cardiac arrest denied(More)
BACKGROUND Decisions to proceed with surgical versus percutaneous revascularization for multivessel coronary artery disease are often based on subtle clinical information that may not be captured in contemporary registries. The present study sought to evaluate the association between surgical ineligibility documented in the medical record and long-term(More)
BACKGROUND Early readmission after PCI is an important contributor to healthcare expenditures and a target for performance measurement. The extent to which 30-day readmissions after PCI are preventable is unknown yet essential to minimizing their occurrence. METHODS AND RESULTS PCI patients readmitted to hospital at which PCI was performed within 30 days(More)